Research about the Apartheid Era in 1948
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Identify ethical issues and dilemmas during the regime. In a paragraph form, write your recommendations or personal insights. The length of the assignment should not be less than 150 words. Ethical Issues and Dilemmas of Apartheid Era from 1948 to 1994 Apartheid was a system of segregation in South Africa that separated the population into four groups: White, Black, Colored, and Indian. The ‘superior’ White group was privileged, while the ‘inferior’ Black, Colored, and Indian groups were discriminated against and forced to submit to many injustices.
The Black groups had to use separate and often inferior bathrooms, buses, drinking fountains, schools, as well as many other public services such as hospitals and ambulances. Then, they were not allowed access to most swimming pools, beaches, and movie theatres, and often even park benches were segregated. The Black people were over 80% of the population, yet were ruled and discriminated against by the minority White group. Many Black people were also forced to leave their homes for designated ‘homelands’, and they were restricted to certain jobs only. They had to carry passes detailing their race everywhere with them, and could be subject to great brutality from the police for not having one.
As a consequence, firstly it sparked significant local resistance and violence, and trade embargo against South Africa. Secondly, those uprisings and protests were responded with the banning and imprisoning of anti-apartheid leaders. Meanwhile, the states had become more and more effective and militarized with repression and violence. But, at the end, Apartheid was abolished in 1994 with the election of Nelson Mandela as Prime Minister.
Because Apartheid is such a regime of discrimination, noticeably, the ethical issues here are the discrimination from people to people, races to races, color to color. These really make the difficulties for standard of living and public security of the black people. With the segregation, Apartheid makes the black people difficult to be accessible to food, shelters, clothing, and feel insecure in their living. Surely those difficulties will lead to the uprising.
In responding to the Apartheid difficulties, the black people can react back against the regime in two ways. Firstly, as we have seen, they make resistance and violence protest against the regimes, but this just result in being imprisoned and many people had died. Secondly, they formed a group of multi races, creates a forum, seek for the diplomatic negotiation so that they can achieve the acknowledgement from the outsiders, and they can win the victory over the Apartheid. On my sights of view, Apartheid was such a cruel regime because the regime, itself, judge people externally and make physically and mentally hurt to the people. Actually, people were born and grown up with different conditions, but they all have a peaceful mind and good heart, talent, ability, personality and traits. They deserve equal rights and freedom to grow their life.
But, in the case of being discriminated, they have the rights to fight back. There are two ways to fight back. One is violent fighting; another one is diplomatic fighting. Violent fighting alone or diplomatic fighting alone doesn’t work because violence fighting will be destroyed by the armed force and diplomatic fighting alone is not strong enough. So, If we combine together, that will be more powerful to overcome the Apartheid as long as the they try and try without retreating. Ethically, fighting is bad, but fighting for freedom is not bad at all.
So in conclusion, I would recommend the black group to preserve back to the Apartheid regime in both violence way and diplomatic way non-stop so as to achieve the independence and freedom fully.