We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy

Environment Shapes Personality

The whole doc is available only for registered users

A limited time offer! Get a custom sample essay written according to your requirements urgent 3h delivery guaranteed

Order Now

There has always been a long and never ending debate of what really affects personality is it with a person’s genetic makeup or with his environment. Many researchers have agreed that personality is both influenced by nature and nurture. But I will still stand that nurture has bigger impacts than nature. If environment didn’t play a part in determining an individual’s traits and behaviors, then identical twins should, theoretically, be exactly the same in all respects, even if reared apart. But a number of studies show that they are never exactly alike, even though they are remarkably similar in most respects. (Powell, 2013) In operant conditioning, when you reward a behavior, chances are that same behavior is likely to occur again in the future. When a behavior is punished, it becomes less likely that it will occur again in the future.

These principles underlie the concept of operant conditioning, a set of learning techniques that utilizes reinforcement and punishment to either increase or decrease a response. For example, when a child is rewarded for cleaning her room, she becomes more likely to repeat the same behavior later on. (Cherry, 2012) The nurture theory holds that genetic influence over abstract traits may exist; however, the environmental factors are the real origins of our behavior. This includes the use of conditioning in order to induce a new behavior to a child, or alter an unlikely behavior being shown by the child. According to John Watson, one of the strongest psychologists who propose environmental learning as a dominating side in the nature vs nurture debate, once said that he can be able to train a baby randomly chosen in a group of 12 infants, to become any type of specialist Watson wants. He stated that he could train him to be such regardless of the child’s potentialities, talents and race. (Sincero, 2012)

True, there is a shared environment. Siblings may have the same parents, live in the same home, eat the same meals, attend the same schools, take the same vacations, and celebrate the same holidays Perhaps most important is that siblings are raised within the same culture—which has a powerful influence on several aspects of development . But brothers and sisters also experience unique nonshared environments. Born at separate times, and possibly in different places, they are treated differently by their parents, occupy different niches within the family, have different friends and teachers, play on different sports teams, and so on. One sibling may even fall victim to illness or have an accident that another does not. The point is that the forces of nurture are vital to development and can steer us in different directions—both between families and within families as well. (Kassin, 2004) Therefore, we conclude that even there are evidences that nature is affecting more the personality of a person we could see that nurture has greater say with the debate. But for many of us it is an unending debate. We just need to see both sides and be open minded about this issue.


Powell, Kimberly, 2013, Nature vs. Nurture: Are We Really Born That Way?, (http://genealogy.about.com/cs/geneticgenealogy/a/nature_nurture.htm) Cherry, Kendra, 2012, Experience and Development: How Experience Influences Child Development. (http://psychology.about.com/od/early-child-development/a/experience-and-development.htm) Kassin, Paul, 2004, Essentials in Psychology

Sincero, Sarah Mae, 2012, Nature and Nurture Debate: The Argument Continues (http://explorable.com/nature-vs-nurture-debate)

Related Topics

We can write a custom essay

According to Your Specific Requirements

Order an essay
Materials Daily
100,000+ Subjects
2000+ Topics
Free Plagiarism
All Materials
are Cataloged Well

Sorry, but copying text is forbidden on this website. If you need this or any other sample, we can send it to you via email.

By clicking "SEND", you agree to our terms of service and privacy policy. We'll occasionally send you account related and promo emails.
Sorry, but only registered users have full access

How about getting this access

Your Answer Is Very Helpful For Us
Thank You A Lot!


Emma Taylor


Hi there!
Would you like to get such a paper?
How about getting a customized one?

Can't find What you were Looking for?

Get access to our huge, continuously updated knowledge base

The next update will be in:
14 : 59 : 59