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Why Is Female Genital Mutilation Still Practiced?

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Kennedy, Aileen. “Mutilation and Beautification: Legal Responses to Genital Surgeries. ” Australian Feminist Studies, vol. 24, no. 60, June 2009, pp. 211-231. EBSCOhost, doi:10. 1080/08164640902852423. Aileen Kennedy is an author from University of New England, Australia. His main purpose of this article is to analysis the differential legal response to women with regards to cosmetic genital surgery and female genital mutilation (FGM) in New South Wales. It notes that the circumcised genitals of female genital mutilation are basically practice in the practicing cultures which is considered natural and ideal for the women in certain area.

It is an academic journal which have been peer reviewed. the author’s main audience is women and jurisdiction. This author has a very knowledgeable information about this topic. The author has a bias against banning of FGM while other women in the western world are doing cosmetic genital surgery which is very similar to FGM. The value of this work has a great contribution to the topic am writing for my research, because it gave me a chance to elaborate on the differences between cosmetic genital surgery and FGM that are not mention in my research work. Braun, Virginia.

“‘The Women Are Doing It for Themselves’: The Rhetoric of Choice and Agency around Female Genital ‘Cosmetic Surgery. ‘. ” Australian Feminist Studies, vol. 24, no. 60, June 2009, pp. 233-249. EBSCOhost, doi:10. 1080/08164640902852449. Virginia Braun, the author from University of Auckland, in her article, the main purpose was to discuss the choice of rhetoric with conceptualization and treatment of the women who undergo cosmetic surgery on their genitalia in Western women in Great Britain. It is an academic source that has been peer reviewed. women are the author’s main audience.

The author is someone who has a very knowledgeable information about the act FGM. There is no bias the author seems very open minded about the topic. The value of this work has a great contribution to the topic am writing for my research, because it gave me a chance to elaborate on why it can young female should have opinion or discussion with their before going through the procedure. Chu, Tracy and Adeyinka M. Akinsulure-Smith. “Health Outcomes and Attitudes toward Female Genital Cutting in a Community-Based Sample of West African Immigrant Women from High-Prevalence Countries in New York City.

” Journal of Aggression, Maltreatment & Trauma, vol. 25, no. 1, Jan. 2016, pp. 63-83. EBSCOhost, doi:10. 1080/10926771. 2015. 1081663. This is a journal article written by Tracy Chu, and Adeyinka M Akinsulure-Smith who are from the Department of Health and Nutrition Sciences, Brooklyn College, City University of New York, Brooklyn, New York and Department of Psychology, City College, City University of New York, New York. Their main purpose of this article is to examine prevalence rates of FGM, as well as differences in demographic characteristics, health outcomes, and knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs among West African immigrants.

This study employed audio computer-assisted self-interviewing with a community-based sample of 68 women from Gambia, Guinea, Mali, and Sierra Leone living in New York City. These authors main audience is African Immigrant. The source Is academic and it has been peer review. These authors seem very knowledgeable about the act of FGM. There was no bias in this journal the authors were open minded about the topic. This source is very valuable to my research since it has lot of information in regard to where the act of FGM begin and the people who practice it.

This will give me a chance to elaborate more on my research, especially they did interviewed victims about the whole procedure. Banayya Jungari, Suresh. “Female Genital Mutilation Is a Violation of Reproductive Rights of Women: Implications for Health Workers. ” Health & Social Work, vol. 41, no. 1, Feb. 2016, pp. 25-31. EBSCOhost, doi:10. 1093/hsw/hlv090. Suresh Banayaa Jungar from International Institute for Population Sciences, Govandi Station Road, Deonar, Mumbai, Maharashtra 400088, India. This author’s main purpose of this article is to collected evidence from various studies conducted by international agencies.

In which Many studies found that FGM has no health benefits; is mostly carried out on girls before they reach the age of 15 years; can cause severe bleeding, infections, psychological illness, and infertility; and, most important, can have serious consequences during childbirth also state the Long-term problems that young women go through after female genital mutilation include chronic pain, difficulties with micturition and menstruation, pelvic infection leading to infertility, and prolonged and obstructed labor during childbirth.

It is academic article which has been peer reviewed. This author has very knowledgeable information about the topic. There was no bias in this journal that I notice the author was open minded about the topic. This source is very valuable to my research because it mentions the long-term illnesses it causes to young women who undergo this act. It will give me a chance to add more to my research since I have not mention all the diseases that are involve with FGM procedures.

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