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A Summary of The Nature of Philosophical Inquiry

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A Summary of The Nature of Philosophical Inquiry
A Summary of Robert Johann’s “The Nature of Philosophical Inquiry” Philosophy has made progress through the development of specialized methods that fragment the knowledge that philosophy eternally seeks. Johann seeks to elaborate on the nature of philosophical inquiry through the method of Pragmatism, more specifically Ontological Pragmatism. This method will measure the truth of philosophical inquiry through what it leads to in experience or practice. Inquiry can be either scientific or philosophical, depending on what it questions. Scientific inquiry questions the world outside man, while philosophical questions the world inside man. Philosophical inquiry, though implicitly stated, can be summed up to this statement: It is the transcendence of common knowledge through the entire involvement of the other through discourse and sharing of common experiences with the hope of giving birth to new knowledge through shared reflection. What is meant by this is simple, philosophical inquiry involves another person in order for it to occur. There must be a tension between one and another, a question must be asked regarding the common knowledge that in which is comfortable to one or the other. Logic, Phenomenology, and Meta-Pragmatics are the three modes of Philosophical Inquiry given by Johann. Logic deals with the rational and sensible organization of experiences.

Phenomenology is the process of making these rational and sensible organizations of experience practical and applicable to daily life. Logic must contain phenomenological adequacy so as it to be pragmatic. Lastly, meta-pragmatics is making this phenomenological adequacy useful to man and his community. It is transcending the sphere of knowledge that has been set by society. In short, philosophical inquiry starts in oneself, when he chooses to be part of another. Inquiry then proceeds with the occurrence of having something in common, the heart of it will be seen when there is something not in common. Tension and struggling will occur between one and the other, reflection will come and a transcendence of common knowledge will occur. The cycle will repeat itself and here you have Philosophical Inquiry.

Pragmatism is a philosophical tradition that began in the United States around 1870. Pragmatism is a rejection of the idea that the function of thought is to describe, represent, or mirror reality. Instead, pragmatists develop their philosophy around the idea that the function of thought is as an instrument or tool for prediction, action, and problem solving. Pragmatists contend that most philosophical topics–such as the nature of knowledge, language, concepts, meaning, belief, and science–are all best viewed in terms of their practical uses and successes rather than in terms of representative accuracy.

inquiry is any process that has the aim of augmenting knowledge, resolving doubt, or solving a problem. A theory of inquiry is an account of the various types of inquiry and a treatment of the ways that each type of inquiry achieves its aim.

a. Similarity in some respects between things that are otherwise dissimilar. b. A comparison based on such similarity. See Synonyms at likeness. 2. Biology Correspondence in function or position between organs of dissimilar evolutionary origin or structure. 3. A form of logical inference or an instance of it, based on the assumption that if two things are known to be alike in some respects, then they must be alike in other respects. 4. Linguistics The process by which words or morphemes are re-formed or created on the model of existing grammatical patterns in a language, often leading to greater regularity in paradigms, as evidenced by helped replacing holp and holpen as the past tense and past participle of help on the model of verbs such as yelp, yelped, yelped.

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