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Resort: Tourism Industry

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WHAT IS RESORT – Resort is a place to spent holiday for relaxation and recreation so that, one can give themselves a leisure time. Hidden Sanctuary Hotel and Resort defines resort as place that is frequented for holidays or recreation or for a particular purpose. One can go and swim in resort, can have lunch, can go just to pass time and plan an overnight stay. Artist can complete their portrait, novelist can finish novel, a poet can create his poem and tourist can have charming stay there. A resort can function as a conference centre, as a meeting centre, as a banquette, as a restaurant, as a health club and various other functions. A resort could be day serving and nightserving, and it provides the cuisine service. According to the new definition, Hidden Sanctuary Hotel and Resort is a full-service lodging facility that provides access to or offers a range of amenities and recreation facilities to emphasize a leisure experience. Resorts serve as the primary provider of the guests experience, often provide services for business and meetings, and are characteristically located in vacation-oriented settings. Tourism is travel for recreational, leisure, or business purposes.

The World Tourism Organization defines tourists as people “traveling to and staying in places outside their usual environment for not more than one consecutive year for leisure, business and other purposes”.[1] Tourism has become a popular global leisure activity. After slowly recovering from the contraction resulting from the late-2000s recession, where tourism suffered a strong slowdown from the second half of 2008 through the end of 2009, and the outbreak of theH1N1 influenza virus,[2][3] international tourist arrivals surpassed the milestone 1 billion tourists globally for first time in history in 2012.[4] International tourism receipts (the travel item of the balance of payments) grew to US$1.03 trillion (€740 billion) in 2011, corresponding to an increase in real terms of 3.8% from 2010.[5] In 2012, China became the largest spender in international tourism globally with US$102 billion, surpassing Germanyand United States. China and emerging markets significantly increase their spending over the past decade, with Russia and Brazil as noteworthy examples.[6] Tourism is important, and in some cases, vital for many countries.

It was recognized in the Manila Declaration on World Tourism of 1980[7] as “an activity essential to the life of nations because of its direct effects on the social, cultural, educational, and economic sectors of national societies and on their international relations.”[1][8] Tourism brings in large amounts of income in payment for goods and services available, accounting for 30% of the world’s exports of services, and 6% of overall exports of goods and services.[5] It also creates opportunities for employment in the service sector of the economy, associated with tourism.[9] These service industries includetransportation services, such as airlines, cruise ships, and taxicabs; hospitality services, such as accommodations, including hotelsand resorts; and entertainment venues, such as amusement parks, casinos, shopping malls, music venues, and theatres.

Theoretical Framework
The theoretical framework of the thesis is multidisciplinary in approach. First, tourism impacts and tourism in the Gross Domestic Product are pooled into the framework to better understand the impact of tourism in the whole economy. Finally, general equilibrium theories and the theoretical structure of an applied CGE model are briefly discussed to better understand the framework under which the tourism sub-sector interacts with the other sectors. Conceptual Framework

The purpose of this research was to develop and test a conceptual framework for sustainable development in tourism industry context to address the integration of social, economic, and ecological elements of sustainable development and the contextual nature of sustainable development. Resource-based view theory was used to model the driving force, state and response indicators of sustainability development for tourism industry. Research Paradigm

According to Kuhn (1962), paradigms are essential to scientific inquiry, for “no natural history can be interpreted in the absence of at least some implicit body of intertwined theoretical and methodological belief that permits selection, evaluation, and criticism.” Within tourism studies this body is comprised out of three (3) main research paradigms; Positivist, Interpretive and Critical. Most researchers fall within one of these paradigms determining there gaze and positionality. Statement of the problem

The tourism industry faces a great challenge in the age of the information technology development. The traditional tourism distribution channel faces a threat of the emerging it environment. Throughout years the tourism industry was dependent on the intermediaries, who enabled the interaction between the suppliers and the customers. Nowadays, however, the suppliers can reach the customer directly via internet having the geographical distance barriers and costs associated to them, disappeared. The internet age changed the complexity of the tourism distribution, enabling the entry of the new virtual intermediaries characterized by a strong competitive advantage towards other players of the sector. The Hypothesis of the problem

From the definition of what sustainable tourism yield is, our research of what needs to be done to achieve prosperity in this, and the list of common denominators to be developed, we intend to identify what are thecore building blocks for a model that can be developed and applied, and which provides a measurable methodto develop a prosperous and sustainable tourism sector in an emerging destination. Significance of the study

Tourism science is designed to provide a theoretical understanding of tourism. Tourism studies (as the applied study of tourism) are designed to enhance the ability to effectively manage the destination and, in doing so, enhance the well-being of the residents of a tourism destination. It is hoped that the overview of the material used to make the distinction between tourism science and tourism studies has been helpful. While, would have liked to provide much greater detail in order to make certain of the arguments more effective, we have faced fairly severe space limitations. Scope and Limitations of the study

The study is largely based on secondary information. Therefore it is difficult to quantify the impact of tourism on the culture and environment. Though there have been numerous studies related to tourism, these studies pertain to specific locations, which are not representative of the country as a whole. Definition of Terms

Cultural heritage:
– The complex of monuments, buildings and archeological sites of outstanding universal value from the point of view of history, art or science. Cultural tourism:
– Cultural tourism is defined as visits by persons from outside the host community motivated wholly or in part by interest in the historical, artistic, scientific or lifestyle/heritage offerings of a community, region, group or institution (Silberberg, 1995).

– Cultural tourism is experiential tourism based on being involved in and stimulated by the performing arts, visual arts, and festivals. Heritage tourism, whether in the form of visiting preferred landscapes, historic sites, buildings or monuments, is also experiential tourism in the sense of seeking an encounter with nature or feeling part of the history of the place (Hall and Zeppel, 1990).

Heritage Tourism:
– Heritage tourism is a broad field of specialty travel, based on nostalgia for the past and the desire to experience diverse cultural landscapes and forms. It includes travel to festivals and other cultural events, visit to sites and monuments, travel to study nature, folklore or art or pilgrimages (Zeppel and Hall, 1992). – The word “heritage” in its broader meaning is generally associated with the word “inheritance,” that is, something transferred from one generation to another. Owing to its role as a carrier of historical values from the past, heritage is viewed as part of the cultural tradition of a society. The concept of “tourism,” on the other hand, is really a form of modern consciousness (Nuryanti, 1996).

In this study, both htehewqdhyeritage and cultural tourism are used in combination and/or interchangeably

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