Police Development and Operation Trends
- Pages: 4
- Word count: 973
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Police organizations bring different meaning to different people based on age, sex, relationship, etc. If you were to ask a person who was the age of 30 in 1950, I am sure they would have drastically different details in regards to the policing that took place within their police organizations, than if you were to ask a person today of age 30. This is because although most policing organizations still utilize the hierarchal systems and the para-military based structure, the development of departments, technology, trends, and relationships with civilians has all changed.
Some police organizations feel that the changes are only for the better and that the changes are much needed to ensure the possible policing within the police organizations. However, change to some is always negative and no matter what signs of improvement are displayed, change Just will not be Justified. Throughout the paper you read how the trends, organization, and developments have changed policing within the police organizations. Organizational Management of Policing The organizational management within the policing is straightforward.
Local police, city, and county, make up the third part of the Jurisdiction. Community policing represents an alternative to the traditional form of police organizations” (Walker-Katz, 2008, p. 100). Within each different part of the local police there are different responsibilities that must function together to protect the communities. A chain of command is crucial it helps sort out the order of authority within the departments. Much like the military, law enforcement uses captain, lieutenant, and sergeant rankings, which places officers in ranks highest to lowest.
Some cities may have thousands of police officers who divide duties, some towns only have one officer who ills the roles or “status hierarchy”their assigned status within the police department” (Walker- Katz, 2008, p. 106). The basic requirement for a police officer is standardized throughout the United States. One issue that creates a challenge for American Policing is the police subculture, which prescribes the basic assumptions and values that can permeate law enforcement agencies.
Unacceptable police practices have been the reason for introducing amendments (such as Miranda rights) to ensure that citizens’ rights were protected. The criminal Justice system is set in place to create order among the people. The criminal Justice system is made up of three primary components. The organizational management in policing consists of the corrections branch, the law enforcement/police branch, and the Judiciary/courts branch. Each of these branches performs a different function, and has numerous individual responsibilities to keep maintenance and order for the system.
Each component has a different role to play, and contributes in its own way. The first to encounter the suspected offender is the law enforcement officer, or peace/police officer. When the suspect is apprehended, the suspect is taken to the officer’s ellow criminals. Police administration is present on every level of a police agency. Administration of Policing In examining the administration of policing within a police organization one must first focus on structure. “Police agencies are bureaucratic paramilitary organizations that have traditionally been slow to change” Cones, 2008).
This quasi military style has been criticized for many reasons over the years. It is believed that this structure marks police against society and enlists a war on crime attitude which can lead to the mistreatment of people in the community. In recent years, the arrival of the community policing philosophy has induced drastic attempts of organizational change in police organizations by mandating a decentralized policing style wherein police agencies must de-specialize and officers must have closer integration with the communities they serve” Cones, 2008).
In having closer integration with the communities they serve, these organizations aim to put great emphasis on community relations, eliminate strict rule and policy that stifle officers from being able to perform effectively, and replace specialized departments with officers facing he same issues daily. O. W Wilson’s principles of police administration include specialization, hierarchy, clear lines of authority, and written rules and policies. These principles are subject of the professional policing era. With the introduction of community policing and problem-oriented policing, came the realization that change was necessary.
Now the efforts of the administration of policing are to steer away from the bureaucratic structure that had proven to be ineffective over the years. Revitalization, improvement of relations within the community, and offering the fficer more opportunity for growth is now at the forefront of police administration. The administration of these principles has bought forth both positive and negative changes. “Maguire found that in the 1990s large police departments across the country were becoming less centralized and less bureaucratic, and were increasingly relying on civilians to perform police work” (Walker-Katz, 2008).
No change was represented in administrative distance between officer and chief. Change will continue to occur not only in administration, but in operations as well. Operations of Policing Policing as traditionally organized, cannot effectively prevent crime, but Bagley see’s no possibility of a more effective crime prevention if de-centralizing the police department and giving more responsibility to the neighborhood police (Walker-Katz, 2008).
De-centralizing gives more responsibility to the officers at the bottom of the organization instead of the traditional top down quasi-military style organization. In 1970, team policing was a radical innovation involving restructuring police operation along the neighborhood lines and de-centralizing decision making authority. Neighborhood police had more of an input along with neighborhood leaders as to the information flowing out of the neighborhoods to the police and back.
Poorly planned experiments vanished with the community policing becoming more problem oriented policing, zero tolerance policing, or traditional style policing. The main goal is to keep peace and safety among society with the least amount of harm. Training officers and chiefs is important to the flow of information being correctly received and acted upon. There should be no guess work in the department’s strategy for f the department, without structure, management, and information, policing would be impossible to maintain in communities (Gordner G, 1996).