Air Pollution Associated With Increased Admissions for Schizophrenia
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Schizophrenia can be related as a mental illness that interferes with how an individual interprets things, the way they act and feel. More often than not, people suffering from the disease tend to perceive things as an image. The condition reduces the life duration of a person by approximately twenty years. People who have Schizophrenia may be at high risk if they develop a cardiovascular illness or subjected to factors that can contribute to suicide (Fang, Chen, Wang & Zhang, 2018). In other words, a victim is likely to die either by committing suicide or diseases related to the blood circulatory system. It is argued that half of the people with Schizophrenia try to kill themselves.
It is worth noting, 13 percent of the people who commit suicide suffer from the disease (Fang, Chen, Wang & Zhang, 2018). It is, therefore, necessary to understand some of the factors contribute to suicide ideation so that to prevent the patient from killing themselves. It is also argued that long-term exposure to air pollutants like nitrogenous and sulfurous gases can cause Schizophrenia. The paper will explore various research works that have been carried out concerning schizophrenia. The primary objective is to present a discussion about the relationship between various factors and the disease. Further, the researcher will evaluate many findings of the selected studies in a bid to determine the issues surrounding the illness.
The research question for the above study topic aims at examining the relationship between specific key agents of air pollution and Schizophrenia. Mainly, the research question analyzed ways in which poisonous gases can lead to schizophrenia disease and the long-term implications of polluted air on people from different places (Duan et al., 2018). The main idea behind the research question of this article is to establish more facts concerning factors that put individuals at risk of getting Schizophrenia.
The research used quite a sophisticated method to accomplish its objectives. The case study was used to come up with information relating to the disease. As such, the researchers captured information of people who were admitted to Tongling hospital in China for schizophrenia disease from the year 2014 to 2016 (Duan et al., 2018). The researchers had to acquire a permit from the necessary authority for them to proceed with the study. The population was divided based on gender, age work and details about admission date. Further, the researchers engaged the body that deals with the collection of information concerning the air composition of the area to obtain details about air pollutant at different times within the two years. The occupations that were included are farmers, workers and unemployed.
From the analysis of data, it was observed that individuals who worked and those who did farming were more exposed to risk factors originating from the air pollutants than the ones who did not engage in any of the two activities (Duan et al., 2018). Based on the results of the above research it can be concluded that air pollutants play a part in as far as schizophrenia is concerned. What that means is that living in an environment that has activities that can lead to the emission of sulfurous and nitrogenous gasses in the air can put one in danger of getting the disease. Moreover, events such as farming increase chances of one being exposed to such pollutants. One of the implications of the findings of the research is that people will take more precautionary measures now that the study has established that indeed air pollutant increases the chances of someone getting schizophrenia.
The research question of this work was developed with the aim of establishing whether there was a relationship between movement from one country to another and treatment resistance for patients with schizophrenia (Fatemi. et al., 2018). The research intended to determine whether factors like migration and racial backgrounds play a role in treatment resistance of the disease.
Regarding the methods used in the study, the researcher employed structured interviews as its tool for collecting data. Similar to the first case, the research also gathered its information based on the patients who have schizophrenia. A sample of two hundred and fifty-one representatives was considered. Just like in the previous case, the research was approved by a relevant body (CAMH REB). Cross-sectional and retrospective were the designs of the study (Fatemi. et al., 2018). The interview aimed at obtaining information about several factors including migration status and period of the disease. Details about the initial time an individual was hospitalized with the infection were received in a bid to establish the duration one has taken since they got the illness. Participants were categorized according to the races and place of origin.
The results indicate that people from Europe did not exhibit any signs of resisting the treatment. Only a small sample of Africans evidenced the resistance. Generally, there was no significant correlation between the variables tested (Fatemi. et al., 2018). The interpretation of the results is that there is no connection between the ethnicity background or migration and the fact that the disease is resistant to treatment. In other words, the fact that one moved from one place to another does not influence the reaction of the virus to medication. The findings imply that the community got informed about the position of immigration in as far as the disease resistance to treatment is concerned. Unlike the previous study, the findings of the research do not produce positive results. What that means is that there was no relationship between the factors that were analyzed and resistance to treatment for schizophrenia.
The research question of the study was formulated with a goal of finding out the clinical indications as well as biochemical factors that are highly connected to suicide ideation (Fang, Chen, Wang & Zhang, 2018). To put in another way, the research aimed at establishing whether schizophrenia influences an individual to commit suicide. Unlike the rest of the research questions that sought to determine whether particular factors are contributing to schizophrenia, the guiding question for this study aims at finding out if the disease is a factor that leads to another suicide ideation.
Concerning the method, questionnaires were the tools used to gather details. Similar to previous cases, the population was patients who have schizophrenia. A measurement scale comparing positive and negative patterns of the victims’ mental behaviors was used (Fang, Chen, Wang & Zhang, 2018). Just like in the previously discussed cases, the research sought the permission of the relevant authority before proceeding with the process of collecting data. Further, patients were informed about the study so that to get their approval. The repeatable battery was used to determine the Neuropsychological condition of the participants. The population was divided into those who showed the sings for suicide ideation and those who did not.
Results indicated that patients with an advanced level of schizophrenia exhibited suicide ideation compared to those who were not significantly affected by the disease. This means that there was a relationship between the illness and the suicide ideation. Additionally, it implies that schizophrenia is a contributing factor for suicide ideation (Fang, Chen, Wang & Zhang, 2018). One of the assumptions of the research is that individuals, whom their relatives or friends suffer from the disease, closely engaged the patients to avoid suicide cases now that the investigation has proven that there is a relationship between the two.
Having basic knowledge concerning the mental health of a human being is vital. This is because the brain is one of the most critical organs in as far as life is concerned. Not only does the brain coordinates other functions of the body, but also influences the decisions people make about their experiences. To live or to die depends on the mental status of an individual. Therefore, it is essential to have an understanding of the necessary information concerning a psychological condition called schizophrenia. According to the previous researches, people need to maintain a clean environment for them to be safe from the disease in question. Also, further studies about schizophrenia resistance to treatment need to be conducted based on different factors other than immigration and ethnic backgrounds, as there is no connection between the two. Lastly, people need to be more vigilant about their loved ones who suffer from schizophrenia since they are likely to harm themselves.