What is the main objectives of the firm?
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There are two primary schools of though as to what the objective of a form should be. Traditionally it has be to maximise the wealth of shareholders but in recent times the view that the primary objective of a firm should be to maximise stakeholder value has begun to gain traction.
Shareholder Wealth Maximisation
Shareholder’s gain wealth through capital gains (increases in share price) and through the receipt of dividends. Due to the vague and complicated nature of this objective other objectives are commonly suggested as possible substitutes. examples of such substitute objectives are:
Stakeholder Value Maximisation
A stakeholder is anyone that has an stake in a company, e.g. shareholders, employees, suppliers, etc. The stakeholder value maximisation view argues that in order for a firm to function it must be able to satisfy all of its key stakeholders, not just its shareholders.