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United States Constitution and B. Twenty-first C.

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When you have completed your exam and reviewed your answers, click Submit Exam. Answers will not be recorded until you hit Submit Exam. If you need to exit before completing the exam, click Cancel Exam. Questions 1 to 20: Select the best answer to each question. Note that a question and its answers may be split across a page break, so be sure that you have seen the entire question and all the answers before choosing an answer.

1. When you buy a U.S. government savings bond, you’re doing so under the power given to Congress to A. borrow money. B. print and coin money. C. levy taxes. D. regulate commerce.

2. Which statement about Shays’ Rebellion is false?
A. The central government provided troops to quell the rebellion. B. Daniel Shays resigned from the Continental Army. C. Many among the Massachusetts militia joined the rebels. D. Poor farmers could be sent to debtor’s prison.

3. The process by which the Constitution was approved by the states is known as A. impeachment. B. levying. C. ratification. D. vetoing.

4. The Eighteenth Amendment, “Prohibition,” was reversed by the _______ Amendment. A. Twenty-second B. Twenty-first C. Twentieth D. Nineteenth

5. A bicameral legislature features
A. four equal legislative bodies. B. two legislative bodies. C. one legislative body. D. one hundred equal representatives.

6. Choose the statement from the following choices that best describes the separation of powers. A. Powers and duties of the United States government are decided by a system of direct democracy.

B. Powers and duties of the United States government are divided among three branches of government. C. Powers and duties of the United States government are divided among two branches of government. D. Powers and duties of the
United States government are chosen entirely by the President of the United States.

7. The _______ Amendment is the only constitutional amendment that was ratified by approval of conventions in three-fourths of the states. A. Eighteenth B. Twenty-First C. Fifteenth D. Twenty-Sixth

8. The man who served as president of the Constitutional Convention was A. Thomas Jefferson. B. George Washington. C. Alexander Hamilton. D. James Madison.

9. Suppose you’re an attorney. In a case you’re presenting to a federal court, you argue that the person you’re defending suffered cruel and unusual punishment. Which Amendment of the Constitution should you cite? A. Amendment VIII B. Amendment III C. Amendment IV D. Amendment IX

10. The governmental body responsible for interpreting the Constitution is the A. Supreme Court. B. Senate. C. president. D. House of Representatives.

11. Under Article _______ of the Constitution, the laws of Congress and all treaties are the law of the land. A. III B. IV C. VI D. VII

12. Supporters of the New Jersey Plan
A. called for a legislature in which each state had one vote. B. required that Senators be selected by a House of Representatives. C. supported a bicameral legislature. D. rejected the idea of three branches of government.

13. Suppose Briscoe Cole is found not guilty of murder in a fair jury trial. Later, evidence comes to light that Briscoe may have been guilty. Under the _______ principle of the Fifth Amendment, Briscoe can’t be tried again for that same crime. A. impeachment B. grand jury C. due process D. double jeopardy

14. The purpose of the Constitution is presented in the
A. Preamble. B. Articles. C. Amendments. D. Bill of Rights.

15. The New Jersey plan called for
A. the abolition of slavery. B. a strong president. C. abandoning the Articles of Confederation. D. equal representation for all states in the Congress.

16. An agreement to count slaves as three-fifths of a person was related to A. the number of Senators each state would have. B. the way in which population would be counted in each state. C. the denial of African Americans the right to vote. D. the creation of an upper and a lower house in Congress.

17. Although it seemed quite important in 1788, Amendment _______, barring the quartering of soldiers in private homes, is outdated today. A. III B. IV C. II D. V

18. Which one of the following leaders proposed the ideas for the compromise that was eventually adopted in drafting the Constitution? A. Alexander Hamilton B. Roger Sherman C. Gouverneur Morris D. William Paterson

19. Which part of the Constitution establishes the legislative branch of the government? A. The Bill of Rights B. Amendment I

C. Article II D. Article I

20. Suppose a bill has passed both the House and the Senate. It goes to the president at the beginning of the annual session of Congress. The president doesn’t sign the bill but holds it for more than 10 days. What happens to the bill? A. It becomes law. B. It cannot become law, but it has not been vetoed. C. It has been vetoed. D. It becomes law only if two-thirds of the House and Senate vote for it.

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