Undertake Agreed Pressure Area Care Argumentative
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The key purpose identified for those working in health, social or care settings is “to provide an integrated, ethical and inclusive service, which meets agreed needs and outcomes of people requiring health and/or social care”.
For this unit you need to be able to undertake pressure area care for individuals, following the individual’s care plan and risk assessment, and relevant protocols and procedures within your work area. It is aimed at prevention that is maintaining healthy skin and preventing breakdown.
A series of interventions which will minimise or prevent infection and cross infection including hand washing / cleansing before during and after the activity and the use of personal protective clothing and additional protective equipment when appropriate.
This unit originates from Health CHS5 and is directly transferable to health precautions and health and safety measures.
You must be able to:
P1 you apply standard precautions for infection control and take other appropriate health and safety measures P2 you work with others in a methodical and organised manner P3 you explain to the individual what you are going to do in a manner that they will understand and obtain their consent P4 you follow the plan of care accurately, maintaining the privacy and dignity of the individual at all times P5 ensure that you can carry out the procedure without obstruction from clothing or bedding P6 you encourage the individual to be involved in their own pressure area care P7 you notice any changes to the individuals skin condition and report them to the appropriate member of staff P8 you utilise pressure relieving aids appropriately, according to the care plan and manufacturer’s instructions P9 you leave the individual in a comfortable position and situation according to the plan of care P10 you complete all records and documentation or pass the information onto others if this is not within your role.
Knowledge and understanding
You need to know and understand:
K1 a working understanding of why you should tell the individuals what you are doing K2 a working understanding of what is meant by consent
Legislation and organisational policy and procedures
K3 a basic awareness of the current European and National legislation, national guidelines and local policies and protocols which affect your work practice in relation undertaking agreed pressure area care: K3.1 health and safety
K3.2 moving, handling, and positioning individuals
K3.3 pressure area risk assessment
K4 a working understanding of your responsibilities and accountability in relation to the current European and National legislation, national guidelines and local policies and protocols
Theory and practice
K5 a basic awareness of the importance of working within your own sphere of competence and seeking clinical advice when faced with situations outside your sphere of competence K6 a working understanding of the importance of applying standard precautions and the potential consequences of poor practice K7 a working understanding of a variety of pressure sore risk assessment tools K8 a working understanding of the uses of pressure sore risk assessment tools, including those used in your area of work Anatomy and physiology
K9 a working knowledge of the normal anatomy and physiology of the skin K10 a working knowledge of the pressure sites of the body
K11 a working knowledge of the changes in appearance of the skin when skin integrity is at risk Care and support
K12 a working understanding of the factors which:
K12.1 put individuals at risk of skin break down and pressure sores K12.2 can help prevent skin break down and pressure sores
K13 a working understanding of the importance of moving individuals correctly, and the consequences of poor handling and moving techniques K14 a working understanding of why it is important to follow the care plan and risk assessment tool K15 a working understanding of the importance of team working in relation to pressure area care
Materials and equipment
K16 a working understanding of the pressure relieving aids available within your care setting, and their uses K17 a working understanding of where to get further information for in respect of up-to-date information about pressure area care K18 a working understanding of where to get up-to-date information about pressure relieving aids K19 a working understanding of other individuals who you might involve in pressure area care Records and documentation
K20 a working understanding of why you must report and document the care you have given and any changes, including improvement and deterioration, you have noticed K21 a working understanding of the importance of keeping accurate and up to date records K22 a working understanding of the importance of immediately reporting any issues which are outside your own sphere of competence without delay to the relevant member of staff
Scope/range related to knowledge and understanding
The scope is here to give you guidance on possible areas to be covered in this unit. The terms in this section give you a list of options linked with items in the performance criteria. You need to provide evidence for any option related to your work area
Adverse conditions include: incontinence; lack of nutritional intake; unconsciousness; confusion; surgery
Care plan (usually kept in the care setting) includes: paper document; electronic tool
Changes include: redness; dryness; bruising; skin breakdown; scratches; swelling; oedema; incontinence; changes to conscious state – regaining consciousness or becoming unconscious
Comfortable position and situation includes: in bed; on one side – left or right, on their back, sitting upright, on their front, using 30% tilt; in a chair; by their bed; in their room; in day room/sitting room
Consent can be: informed; verbal
Equipment and materials include: for maintaining hygiene – personal washing equipment; for moving and handling – hoists, slings, slides; for positioning – pillows, chairs, mattresses, back rests
Information and documentation: care plans; pressure area risk assessment form
Members of staff may include: the person in charge; nurse; midwife; community staff; supervisor
Others include: other carers such as family members
Pressure relieving aids include: special mattresses for beds; special cushions for chairs; pillows
Standard precautions and health and safety measures including hand washing/cleansing before during and after the activity; the use of personal protective clothing and additional protective equipment; handling contaminated items; disposing of waste; safe moving and handling techniques and untoward incident procedures
Support includes: physical and emotional involving reassurance; explanations about what is happening; physically holding
Your knowledge and understanding will be specifically related to legal requirements and codes of practice applicable to: your job; your work activities; the job you are doing (e.g. domiciliary, residential care, hospital settings); the individuals you are working with.
The values underpinning this unit have been derived from the key purpose statement1, the statement of expectations from carers and people receiving services, relevant service standards and codes of practice for health and social care in the four UK countries. They can be found in the principles of care unit HSC24. To achieve this unit you must demonstrate that you have applied the principles of care outlined in unit HSC24 in your practice and through your knowledge.
This section provides explanations and definitions of the key words and concepts used in this unit. In occupational standards it is quite common to find words or phrases used which you will be familiar with, but which, in the detail of the standards, may be used in a very particular way. Therefore, we would encourage you to read this section carefully before you begin working with the standards and to refer back to this section as required
Additional protective equipment
Includes: types of personal protective equipment such as visors, protective eyewear and radiation protective equipment
Includes items contaminated with body fluids, chemicals or radionuclides. Any pack/item opened and not used should be treated as contaminated
The individual who is receiving pressure area care, and in the context of this unit could be adult or child
Personal protective clothing
Items such as plastic aprons, gloves – both clean and sterile, footwear, dresses, trousers and shirts and all in one trouser suits. These may be single use disposable clothing or reusable clothing
Pressure sore Risk Assessment tool
A tool devised through research and evidence based practice by which individuals can be assessed in relation to their risk of developing problems related to pressure, common examples are the Norton Scale and the Waterlow scale
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