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Child labour and delinquency

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Summary of the findings:

  1. From the findings we can see that the education of the child labour is poor.
  2. We can see that child labor’s family member is large.
  3. When child become orphan and neglected, they involve child labour.
  4. There is an increasing demand for child labour for the sex trade, domestic work and other exploitative events, because child labour is cheap and easily controlled.
  5. Their family status is low.
  6. Child labors family depends on his income.
  7. Low family income of the child labour.
  8. Child labour work long time in their working place.
  9. Most of the child labour face harassment.
  10. They have no freedom in their working place.
  11. They are not allowed to go to school.
  12. They engaged in delinquent gang.
  13. Their satisfaction level in working place is low.


To observe this study “Child labour and delinquency” can define that labour has great impact on juvenile These are misbehave with juvenile, low incoming family, problem of socialization, large family members, low education, broken family, unemployment problem can affect child labour. If these activities are positive that juvenile doesn’t be delinquent. They can be a good person and turn to be an important part of a nation.

The present study is expected to generate facts regarding juvenile behavior and the impact of harassment of child labour on their behavior, which will be useful for reduce juvenile delinquency or criminal activities. Besides the findings of the study can be interesting for further research on this field. The results of this study will also provide valuable information for correctional services and law enforcement agency.

Children and adolescents naturally constitute a dependent group and in many cases they are vulnerable too. Since they are the products of nature and nurture, the society has the obligation to recognize the right to a carefree and happy time for them in addition to having policies for their regular career provision. Therefore, the responsibility of fulfilling their fundamental needs and drives rests with the society and with the family in particular for their proper growth and development apart from the bare and common human needs such as food, shelter, clothing, health, education and recreation some socio-psychological needs also require to be consciously fulfilled for better growth and development. These needs may be termed as acceptance, control, faith, guidance, independence, love, praise, protection and security.

Today’s juveniles are the future for tomorrows. There is a growing awareness among the people of the world about the problem of juvenile labour. Any society, undergoing changes in its structural and functional aspects is faced with the problem of dislocation and disequilibrium in the social, cultural, political and economic life of the community. It has been generally accepted that children become delinquent by abnormal environment and not by choice. It is possible to reform the anti social attitudes of children by improving the unfavorable surroundings and giving them suitable training. There fore, there is need to establish ‘social therapy’ approach towards juvenile delinquents and this should constitute the basic philosophy underlying administration of juvenile justice. The authority should take some necessary steps. Government should take necessary steps to correct or reform the Children act 1974. The authority should also take steps to add or subtract some rules and regulations according to the want of change of the decade. So, Government should take necessary steps for reducing juvenile labour.


  1. The child should not allow working under at the age of 7- 16 (male) and 7-18(female) years old.
  2. The government should apply the child labour act
  3. The organization that engaged the child in their institution should be punished
  4. They should give opportunity of proper education
  5. The child should protect from varies types of harassment
  6. The family member must be small
  7. Well socialization must be provided
  8. Reducing mental conflict by counseling
  9. Fulfillment of children basic requirement
  10. Show sympathy to the child
  11. To provide enough recreation for them
  12. Govt. and NGOs should help with free schooling
  13. They should provide enough food
  14. Enhance social Control


Bar chart: A graph on which categories of a variable are presented on the horizontal axis and their frequencies are presented on the vertical axis. The height of each bar represents the frequencies of each attribute of a variable.

Cross tabulation: A table showing the relationship between two or more variables by presenting all combinations of categories of variables

Delinquency: When a juvenile who is the limit age for male 7—16 & for female 7—18 violates the state laws and regulations, act antisocial activities, also violates social norms & values are called delinquency or juvenile delinquency. Here major condition is age limit. Age must be within the limit for male 7—16 & for female 7—18.

Dependent variable: The variable in an experiment or survey that is affected or subject to being affected, by the independent variable.

Face to face interview: A method of administering a survey in which an interviewer questions an interviewee using a structured set of questions.

Histogram: A graph depicting the frequency distribution of a numerical variable with bars which have at their centermost point the value being presented. The edge of each bar is half way to the next value touches the next bar.

Independent variable: The variable, in an experiment or survey, which exercise an effect on a dependent variable.

Pie chart: A graphic device used to show differences in frequencies or percentages among categories of nominal or ordinal variables.

Purposive sample: A form of non probability sample in which the subjects selected seem to meet the proposed needs of the study.

Questionnaire: A written set of questions used to survey respondents and also collect data.

Sample: A set of selected subjects for study drawn according to some principles of sampling.

Child: According to penal code of Bangladesh nothing will be considered as an offence which is committed by a child below 7 years, if the children no realize the committing it will be considered unto 12 years. According to children act, 1974; the age limit for male juvenile is 7—16 and for female juvenile is 7—18.

Abuse: according to oxford dictionary the term abuse means the use of something in a way. That is wrong or harmful. It is an opposite term of use.

Child abuse: Child abuse means any child who receives non accidental physical and psychological injury as a result of acts and omissions on the part of his parents or guardians or employer. 

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