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Extremism:the bane of our society

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When PIA came into being in 14th August, 1947 there was only one airline in operation called Orient Airline. After some time two more airlines Pakistan Air Limited and Cresent Airways started commercial operation. None of these small air service companies could succeed to cover the requirements of the Air Traffic of the country. Ultimately two of these failed to continue their operation. In 1952 Orient Airways was the only operational company operating on domestic routes.

The govt. and the people of Pakistan were sincerely struggling hard for development of their country with the aim to reach to the similar level of advancement as of other free nations of the world. Communication system is the basic requirement of country. So in 1955 the Govt. took an initiative and passed an ordinance to form an air fleet under the name of Pakistan international airlines (PIA) to meet the needs of domestic and international air traffic.

PIA began operation on Karachi-Dhaka sector with three aircrafts in 1955. later PIA and Orient Airways, a private carrier, were merged to form PIAC (Pakistan International Airline Company). Over the years PIA gradually expanded its network and is now serving 83 destinations. OBJECTIVES OF PIA:

According to PIAC Act 1956, following are the main objectives of PIA Corporation.

I. To provide and further develop safe, efficient, adequate, economical and properly coordinated domestic as well as international air transport system.

II. To operate any air-transport service or any flight by aircraft for a commercial or other purpose, and to carry out all forms of aerial work.

III. To acquire, own, run, manage or participate in the running of management of, any hotel or business connected therewith.

IV. To provide for the instruction and training in matters connected with aircraft or flight by aircraft of persons employed or desirous of being employed either by the Corporation or by any other person.

V. With the previous approval of the Federal Government, to promote any organization outside Pakistan for the purpose of engaging in any activity of a kind which the Corporation has power to carry out.

VI. To acquire, hold or dispose of nay property, whether movable or immovable, or any air transport undertaking.

VII. To repair, overhaul, reconstruct assemble or recondition aircraft, vehicles or other machines and parts, accessories and instruments thereof or therefore and also to manufacture such parts, accessories and instruments whether the aircraft, vehicles or other machines are owned by the Corporation or by any other person. Executive Summary:

This is a report about the internship at the Engineering Department of PIA (Pakistan International Airlines). The purpose of the internship was to introduce the telecommunication systems that are used in aircrafts. These systems include HF and VHF communication Systems, GPWS, ELTs (emergency locator transmitter), ADF (automatic direction finder), CVR (cockpit voice recorder), Weather radar, ATC (air traffic controller), LRRA (low arrange radio Altimeter), DME (distance measurement equipment), TCAS (traffic collision avoidance system), IFE (interactive flight equipment), VOR (VHF Omni Range), ILS (Information Landing System). This Internship was basically study of PIA aircrafts specially Boeing-777 and Boeing-310. Customers:

• ACT Airlines
• Airbus
• Air Blue
• Air Universal
• Avient Aero
• Edhi Air Ambulance
• Emirates
• General Electric
• Hellenic Imperial
• Iran Air
• Kuwait Airways
• Logistic Air
• Mahan Air
• MNG Airlines
• Orient Thai Airlines
• Pakistan Air Force
• Pakistan Navy
• Patriot Aviation
• Qatar Airways
• Royal Airlines
• SAGA Airlines
• Shaheen Airlines
• Syrian Air
• Tri – Star Airlines

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