The International Labour Organisation (ILO) origins and functions
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International Labour Organisation (ILO) is established in the year 1919, representing governments, employers and workers with played a role as a part of Treaty of Verasailles, United Nations which was a peace treaty that ended World War I, deals with labour issues. Indeed, the ILO was created for international requirements of an organisation that reconizes the need to make sure globalisation doesnt continue to force workers into living a life lacking basic but vital human rights. Also, it reflects on the determination to inflict beliefs to others on what is expected when it comes for meeting standards of human and labour rights. (Origin and History, 2009)The following are the four strategic objectives by ILO (Mission and objectives, 2009):Promote and realize standards and fundamental principles and rights at workCreate greater opportunities for women and men to secure decent employment and income.
Enhance the coverage and effectiveness of social protection for allStrengthen tripartism and social dialogueThe International Labour Organization (ILO) is devoted to advancing opportunities for women and men to obtain decent and productive work in conditions of freedom, equity, security and human dignity. Its main aims are to promote rights at work, encourage decent employment opportunities, enhance social protection and strengthen dialogue in handling work-related issues.
In promoting social justice and internationally recognized human and labour rights, the organization continues to pursue its founding mission that labour peace is essential to prosperity. Today, the ILO helps advance the creation of decent jobs and the kinds of economic and working conditions that give working people and business people a stake in lasting peace, prosperity and progressAccording to the ILOs Standard and Fundamental Principles and rights in work (2009), this organisation has declared with some rules as following:(I)Freedom of fraternizationThe workers (also known as Labours, and use they in the following) are able to choose who you wish to associate with.
(II)The right to organizeThey are able to discuss situation to the others parties, for example governments, Employers and workers.
(III)Collective bargainingThey discussing about the working conditions and working out changes to working conditions together within both or more parties which involved directly and indirectly.
(IV)Discontinuance of forced and child labourThey stopping child and forced labour on continuing increase dramatically. For example, Frans Roeselaers, director of the ILO’s International Programme on the Elimination of Child Labour told BBC News Online that Child labour prevents development. “It gives enormous, almost astronomical returns in terms of both productivity and increased wages once the child grows up and becomes a worker,” he said. (Jorn Madslien,2004)(V)Equal opportunity and treatmentThey emphasized about the equal treatment regardless of age, gender, backgrounds or beliefs. And:other standards regulating conditions across the entire spread of work related issues.
In conclusion, ILO is developed to prevent and concern to the issues, such as child labour, forced labour, Employment regulation, Equality and discrimination, Freedom of association and the right to collective bargaining and Et cetera.
Jorn Madslien, ILO: ‘Child labour prevents development’, online, retrieved 30 March 2009, fromhttp://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/business/3451117.stmMissions and Objectives, online retrieved 31 March 2009, fromhttp://www.ilo.org/global/About_the_ILO/Mission_and_objectives/lang–en/index.htmOrigins and history, online, retrieved 31 March 2009, fromhttp://www.ilo.org/global/About_the_ILO/Origins_and_history/lang–en/index.htmStandard and Fundamental Principles and rights in work, online, retrieved 30 March 2009, fromhttp://www.ilo.org/declaration/lang–en/index.htm