Art and Culture
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Art has evolved in ways only one can imagine, however; their imagination does not have to go far because all one has to do is turn on the computer and connect to the World Wide Web to get information on everything. Architecture, sculpture, and painting has been around for ages, then photography made its way on to the art scene in the 1820’s and has taken leaps and bounds to establish itself as fine art The evolutions of styles are also examined. The role of diversity in the development of the arts and how it changed throughout the 20th century is examined. The role of women and their influence on the various arts is discussed. The role of ethnic minorities and their influence on the various arts is examined. The relationship between art and popular culture and how this developed during the 20th century is defined. Popular culture and how it influences the arts is explained. The influence of art on popular culture is described. Role of Diversity in the Development of the Arts
Before the late 19th century women were not accepted to study into official art academies, and any training they were allowed to have was that of the soft and delicate nature. This may be why that during the early years of the modern feminist art movement, the art often showed “raw” anger from the artist. “The Feminist Art Movement began with the idea that women’s experiences must be expressed through art, where they had previously been ignored or trivialized.” (Napikoski, L. 2011 ) The artists of this movements work showed a rebellion from femininity, and a desire to push the limits. Women artists began to protest at art galleries and institutions that would not accept them or their work. Some also started opening women’s learning facilities of their own, such as Judy Chicago did in 1971, when she established the Feminist Art program at Cal State Fresno.
The movement opened up the doors to diversity in the art world. Artist from all cultures would begin to raise the bar and change the way society looked at art. Minorities began to share their culture through various art forms. Though Black American artist existed before the 20th century, it was not until then they began to become bolder with their works. In the modern period Black American artist began to show abstract styles, mixed media, and political commentary, and his or her artwork was celebrated by both Black and White Americans alike. The artist in the 20th century certainly made them known and was not afraid to share their differences with the rest of the world. Popular Culture and Art
Pop Culture or Popular Culture consists of arts, entertainment, fads, values, and beliefs currently shared by a large portion of society (“Defining Popular Culture”, n.d.). Pop Culture is often referred to as Low Art. It can consist of food, advertising, clothing, music, and much more tangible and not tangible items. Pop Culture emerged in the 1950s and lasted for two decades (“Andy Warhol’S Marilyn Prints”, n.d.). Art can be defined in many ways. According to “Definition For Art” (n.d.), Art can be defined as “the expression or application of human creative skill and imagination, typically in a visual form such as painting or sculpture, producing works to be appreciated primarily for their beauty or emotional power.” Art can be in many forms, such as music, painting, sculpture, dance, and photography. Popular culture has influenced the arts by taking popular items, whether it be a tangible item, or not tangible, and transforming it into art.
The Artists takes the popular item and adds their own creativity to it ultimately creating new low art. Andy Warhol, a famous artist, took photographs of many famous people, such as Marilyn Monroe, and modified them creating his own expression of art (“Andy Warhol’S Marilyn Prints”, n.d.). The Arts influence Pop Culture in many ways as well. When an artist creates something, such as a piece of music, a painting, or even a photograph, this creation may become very popular in society. This piece of art can be transformed into something else. This then becomes Pop Art. Pop Culture can be influenced greatly by music and clothing trends. In closing, Pop culture has spawned a new breed of art that will forever be popular and cherished. Women have influenced art for years. It was the shape and form of a women’s body that inspired many artist to paint and sculpt. The Harlem renaissance gave way to many ethic artists giving them a voice in a society of creativity. Art gives life to the creativity of man. Art will continue to be an avenue of great expression for centuries to come.
Andy Warhol’s Marilyn Prints. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.webexhibits.org/colorart/marilyns.html Askart (2011) Black American artist. Retrieved from
http://www.askart.com/askart/interest/black_american_artists_1.aspx?id=33 Defining Popular Culture. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.media- awareness.ca/english/resources/educational/lessons/secondary/popular_culture/define_pop_culture.cfm Definition for art. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://oxforddictionaries.com/d Napikoski, Linda ( 2011) The feminist movement in art. Retrieved from http://womenshistory.about.com/od/feminism/a/feminist_art.htm