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Analysis of Les Miserable’s

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The story beautifully begins with the miserable life of Jean Valjean. He was imprisoned for nineteen years for the reason of, he stole loaf of bread in wanting to feed his sister’s starving children. After receiving the parole, Valjean searched for a job. The society doesn’t accept him for he was a convicted. Fortunately, Valjean met Bishop Myriel. This Bishop let him stay in his house and gave him something to eat. Behind of his goodness, Valjean still stole silvers from him. Then the rangers caught him and brought him to the house of Bishop. Instead of madness, the Bishop helped Valjean and presented two lampstands as a gift and afterwards Valjean decided to live a new.

In order to be accepted in the society, Valjean changed his identity. He was known as Monsieur Madeleine owning two Factories in Paris. He became one of the richest people in his area. Fantine worked in Valjean’s factory. She was fired for some misconception and suddenly, became a prostitute to feed her daughter Cosette. Eventually, Fantine got ill. She still worked while she has high fever. One costumer forced her to do something, Fantine hit the man. In this scene, Javert the ranger inspector tries to arrest Fantine, she explained the reason why she hit the man but Javert rejected her explanation. Valjean came and quarrelled against Javert wanting Fantine to set free because of her condition. Valjean brought Fantine to the hospital. In the hospital, Fantine hallucinated seeing her daughter in nowhere. Valjean came. In Fantine’s last breath, she gave the authority to Valjean to take care of her daughter.

Cosette became slave in Thenardiers house. Monsieur and Madame Thenardiers mistreated her. Luckily, Valjean came to save Cosette while Javert hunt him. Valjean sent Cosette in school. Years after, Cosette became pretty matured girl, Marius Pontmercy, the son of Georges Pontmercy, a colonel in Napoléon’s army, attracts to Cosette’s beauty. The romantic side of the story is being shown. Valjean’s doesn’t want Marius for Cosette. He took those letters for Cosette and secretly situated it in one place. Eponine, Marius friend and the daughter of Thenardiers, is blindly in love to Marius. Her aspiration is to be her friend’s lover. Because of being the elder, she is a spoiled daughter always satisfies for all she desires except her love.

Moreover, the climax begins in the rebellion of the people towards French government in order to have equal existence in the soceity. Many citizens were died. The dramatically event is perfectly shown through this event. The most heart captivating event gives more of interest in reading especially when a young brave boy died. The story goes entertaining when Valjean and Javert met. Javert became a captive of French citizens, Valjean was allowed to kill Javert but he doesn’t do. He just brightly portrayed that he kills Javert. At the end of the day, while Valjean was hardly saving the life of Marius, Javert trapped them. With conscience, he let them pass. Javert realized how cruel he is, knowing that he came in a miserable life having convicted parents.

He was born inside the jail and when he became mature, he disowned his parents. Javert killed himself, another misery. Days after, Valjean talked to Marius and Cosette separatety. In his conversation with Cosette, he gave those sicret letters og Marius. Valjean uttered to Marius his present condition. He gave permission to marry Cosette then he left. When Cosette had realized that his father is suffering in sickness through Marius, she immediately run to the Church where Valjean’s stayed. Then Valjean Died. The most reason why it was entitled Les Miserables is because of the lives of those people who fought for their country, they died without having what they want, the indepence.


Main Characters

• Cosette- Protagonist. Fantine’s daughter and Valjean’s adopted child.

• Javert- Main antagonist. Fanatic Ranger Inspector who always need to
prove his loyalty.

• Marius- Protagonist. Lawful man, man of Cosette and Eponine’s friend. Though his father is George Pontmercy, he never meets this man.

• Valjean- Main protagonist. Kind and good man who always have a heart to help.

Minor Characters

• Bishop Myriel- the bishop who helped Valjean to live for a new life.

• Enjolvas- the leader of the revolution.

• Eponine-Protagonist. Elder daughter of Thenardiers. She loved Marius.

• Fantine- Protagonist. Cosette’s Mother.

• Gavroche- unloved child of Thenardiers.

• Georges- the colonel of Napoleon’s army. The father of Marius.

• Madame and Monsieur Thenardiers- the Antagonists. They are parents of Eponine and Gavroche. The reason why Fantine became Prostitute. They mistreated Cosette.


The setting locates in Paris, France in 1800’s during the period of the Restoration. The mood or the atmosphere creates clear vision to the readers. It simply set smooth mood, calm, happy, and sad atmosphere depending to the specific event being present in the story.


The third person’s point of view is omniscient. Through the representation of the characters, different mind views in life are told. Like Valjean’s attitudes towards helping, Fantine’s love towards her daughter, Jean’s dedication towards his profession, and Cosette’s attitude in her struggles.


The story sets the themeof having transformation in the individual and in society, as Valjean received help from the bishop to live in a new life, to change his bad attributes for his betterment and afterwards bishop received help from Valjean when he became poor, Valjean helped Javert to be free from people and Javert helped Valjean in letting him pass to saved the life of Marius. Also, it sets a theme of not giving up in life’s misery and dare to change those wrong deeds as Valjean’s example.


This story has implication to the readers whose experiencing afflictions or problem. This story will inspire the readers through the characters’ life. For me this story sets a standard on how will I live and face life’s challenges. It gives me inspiration to be better as well through the main protagonist’s life. The transformation of the characters statuses in life serves as the reflection of reality. All of us are experiencing soceital change.

Analysis of Madame Bovary

By Gustave Flaubert


The story begins in Charles Bovary’s dull life. He became medicine practitioner after of his unpleasant school life. A poor second rate doctor, due to his mother’s wished Charles had his first wife, an old widow woman. Afterwards, this woman died.

One day, Charles visited a farm to fix the broken leg of Monsieur Rouault, the father of Emma. When Charles saw Emma, he was attracted with Emma’s pretty admirable face. Wanting to get off from her boring life in the farm, Emma immediately married Charles. In Tostes, Charles sets up his medical practice. Emma’s character is sickly ambitious, she got bored and depressed in their small province that’s why they moved to Yonville, a quite bigger than Tostes. Emma got pregnant. While she’s bearing a child, she meets Leon Dupuis, a clerk and later on they become mutually in love with each other but they’re both shy of showing it. Leon lives in Monsieur Homias, a pharmacist and be friend the Bovary’s, residence at that time. Afterwards, Emma gives birth to Berthe and Leon left to study in Paris. Emma found another man right away, Rodolphe Bourlanger, a womanizer. After of two years of adultery, Rodolphe became bored with Emma and he decided to break their immoral relationship. Emma got sick and decreasingly lost her health so Charles as an average doctor doesn’t know what to do. They became poorer and drawn with loans to support her medication. She slowly starts to recover.

Lion finished his law school and meets again Emma. In this time, Lion becomes more passionate to express his love to Emma. The worldly ambitious Emma greatly embraced credits and loans. Unconsciously, while having an affair, her money troubled and get worse. Realizing that she can’t afford to pay her loans and credits, she rushes around and looks for someone who will give her money. She even run to Leon and Rodolpe and offers her body in return but she was defied. With great shame to her husband, she took arsenic and died. Charles suffered in poverty, and with love to Emma, he never sell her possession. In afflicted life of him, Charles loses all his money and died. Berthe lived to her grandmother who died also because of her age. The young girl finally migrated in her poor aunt, she work there as a child laborer.

Emma’s ambition drives her down. That luxurious life she desires ends up in her daughter’s misery.


Major Characters

• Charles Bovary- the protagonist. Simple man without ambitions in life. The lovable husband of Emma and the father of Berthe.

• Emma Bovary- the main protagonist. The main source of the title. Ambitious woman wanting a luxurious life. The wife of Charles and the mother of Berthe, she had extra marital affair to Leon and Rodolphe.

• Leon Dupuis-the main antagonist. The first desires of Emma. He studied law and becomes more passionate in expressing his love towards Emma.

• Rodolphe Boulanger- the antagonist. The first man who had an affair with Emma. A womanizer.

Minor Characters

• Berthe Bovary- the daughter of the Bovary’s who condemned after her parents died.

• Monsieur Homais- the town pharmacist and the friend with Bovary’s. He became friend of Bovary’s because of he has personal interest.

• Monsieur Roualt-Emma’s father, the owner of a farm who visited by Charles to fix his legs.


The setting locates in a province of France, in Tostes and Yonville. The atmosphere creates by these two places are melancholy, through the presentation of the characters attitudes in their place, as Emma got bored and depressed while she was in Tostes and searching for entertainment in Yonville.


The third person’s point of view is reliable. It is near to the reality as shown in the actions of the characters. Reliable in a sense that the quality of the story is based on the real world.


The theme of the story is about the consequences of having extra-marital affair and escaping from reality. Emma as a dauhgter of a farmer becomes sickly ambitious and wants to escape from the farm. She had an affair with two men and at the end of the story, she killed herself.


This story is a reflection of reality. This has implication to the society. Family as a smallest unit of the soceity, can gain learnings from this story. The ideas being present through this will be their basis of having social well living.

Analysis of The Outlaws

by Selma Largerlof


The story is about two men who disobeyed the law of God, Tord and Berg. The short story begins with a peasant who had murdered a monk. This man named as Berg. Along the way, he met Torg in the wilderness. These two men lived in a cave and treated as brothers.

Because they are both outcast from the society, as Berg was a murderer and tord wa accused of stealing a herring net, they become close in after of Torg’s fever. They have shared their life experiences until in the middle of the story Unn appeared, the girl whom loved by Berg. In this story, God appeared. It had shown the nature of Hell band Heaven. Torg taught that he was betrayed by Berg and after a while knowing that through great repentance and blood his sins will be forgiven, he killed Berg. In a loud voice and deep emotion, he said ‘God is great!’ he lay beside the body of his friend and beg to the dead man to be awake. He said to the peasants present in the place “say to Unn, who made Berg a murderer, that he was killed by Tord the fisherman, whose father s a wrecker and whose mother is a witch, because he taught him that foundation of the world is justice.”


Major Characters

• Berg- The main protagonist. He is the peasant and the murderer of a monk.

• Torg- The main antagonist. He is the fisherman, handsome and thief.

Minor Characters

• God- Same in His attributes in the bible, omniscient, omnipotent, omnipresent and eternal.

• Unn- The lover of Berg.


The setting locates in rural land of Sweden. The mood sets in the presentation of the story is gloomy because the story rotates in the life of the outlaws.


The third person’s point of view is objective or dramatic. In Berg’s loud voice after he killed Torg, this point of view was shown.


The theme of the story is about the sins and punishment. All of us have these sins and every misconduct that we did and will do have this equal punishment from the God of justice.


This story is more likely in the bible’s stories, like the story of Cain and Able. It simply presents Christian moral values. The story will be of help to understand some of God’s attributes. as Christian, this story reproach me about everything.

from the KORAN:

translated by Arthur J. Arberry


The opening is about prayer of the speaker to his God. With respect to the Lord who’s merciful and compassionate, the line is said as the description to the Lord. In second stanza, first line, the speaker praises God the Lord of all being as the opening of the prayer. There’s a repetition of the words merciful and compassionate to emphasize the God’s attribute. Master of the Doom, means the Lord is the planner of our life or the ruler in our destiny. In this first and second stanza, the speaker only speaks in praising form. In third stanza, the speaker speaks for his fellow believes, as he used the word ‘we.’ They serve no one but Him and to Him they ask guidance. The reason why they are asking for it is stated in the next line “Guide us in the straight path,” the straight path means the right way of living. And the reasons are: for them to be blessed and not to be cursed.

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