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Time Management

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Ayon kay Dr. Rachna Jain(NA), “As we come close to the end of the year, and we’re entering the holiday season, time management is becoming a hot topic in my dissertation coaching sessions. Almost every one of my clients is asking about how to get more done in less time. This is definitely a key concern, especially when you are juggling multiple responsibilities or an impending timeline. A concept that can help you with the dissertation time management is thinking about how you are (and have been) structuring your time off. A key distinction is whether you are taking time off by default? or by intention? What’s the difference? And why does it matter?

The difference between “time off by default” and time off by intention, simply, is this- when you take time off by default, it means that you’ve taken time unexpectedly, without a plan, and probably dictated by external forces. This type of “time off” usually doesn’t feel all that good. You might be engaged in other activities, but you have this nagging sense that you should have worked more on your dissertation or somehow gotten more done. You also feel anxious and stressed about the project, and may not enjoy the time off anyway. You see this kind of ‘default time off’ behavior when people plan a vacation but then take stacks and stacks of dissertation materials with them- which, almost 100% of the time, they never open. These materials become a daily reminder of what you said you’d do, but never got around to doing. Contrast that scenario with what I call “time off with intention”- this is time off that you’ve planned for, accounted for, and maybe even worked for.

I encourage my clients to set goals which see them accomplishing a milestone just before a major holiday break or a planned vacation. This way, they can enjoy their time off, knowing they have accomplished something important just before. This type of goal planning process often allows my clients to feel entitled to enjoy themselves- they travel without extra dissertation materials and give their minds, bodies and spirits a chance to refresh. Because that, after all, is the purpose of time off anyway. So if you are taking time off but feeling anxious, worried, or stressed about it, I’d invite you to shift your thinking and try out my goal planning process. Set yourself a small goal that you can reach before you take your vacation, and then work to reach it. Do everything it takes to reach that goal. Then, take your time off and enjoy yourself. You will have earned it.”

Si Mayor Jose Santos (2011) ay nagpahayag din na ang pamamahala ng oras sa loob ng silid-aralan ay mahalaga para sa isang guro. Ang paghahanda ng mga gawain ay kabilang kung papaano gagamitin ito. Maraming bagay, dahilan, o salik ang may kinalaman sa pamamahala ng oras, nakadalasan ay nagsisilbing dahilan upang masira o di masunod ang nakatakdang Gawain para sa araw o oras na iyon. Halimbawa ay ang pagkakaroon ng madaliang pagpupulong ang mga pinunong paaralan at mga guro, dili naman kaya ay biglang nagkaroon ng malakas na pag-ulan at pagbagyo. O kaya naman ay ang pagkawala ng kuryente, pagkasira ng mga kagamitan sa pagtututo, halimbawa Computer, TV set, LCD o Projector. May biglaang gawain at iba’t-iba pang dahilan upang maabala ang nakatakdang gawin saoras o araw na iyon. Kaugnay na pag-aaral

Ayon kay Allen (2001) sa kanyang “Getting Things Done” is a time-management methodology, described in a book of the same title by productivity consultant David Allen. It is often referred to as GTD. The GTD method rests on the idea of moving planned tasks and projects out of the mind by recording them externally and then breaking them into actionable work items. This allows one to focus their attention on taking action on tasks, instead of on recalling them. In time management, task priorities play a central role. Allen’s approach uses two key elements — control and perspective. He proposes a workflow process to control over all the tasks and commitments that one needs or wants to get done. There are “6 different levels of focus” to provide a useful perspective. A weekly review is done on different levels, and suggests that the perspective gained from these reviews should drive one’s priorities. This in turn determines the priority of the individual tasks and commitments gathered during the workflow process.

During a weekly review, determine the context for the tasks and put them on the appropriate lists. An example of grouping together similar tasks would be making a list of outstanding telephone calls, or the tasks / errands to perform while downtown. Context lists can be defined by the set of tools available or by the presence of individuals or groups for whom one has items to discuss or present. GTD is based on storing, tracking and retrieving the information related to the things that need to get done. Mental blocks we encounter are caused by insufficient ‘front-end’ planning. This means thinking in advance, generating a series of actions which can later be undertaken without further planning. The human brain’s “reminder system” is inefficient and seldom reminds us of what we need to do at the time and place when we can do it. Consequently, the “next actions” stored by context in the “trusted system” act as an external support which ensures that we are presented with the right reminders at the right time.

GTD relies on external memories, it can be seen as an application of the theories of distributed cognition or the extended mind. Ayon kay Bingo14 (2011) sa kanyang akda na “Susi ng Tagumpay”, ang pagbabalanse ng oras ay importante. May tamang oras para magaral at may tamang oras rin para maglaro. Ito ang isang paraan para makaakyat ang isa sa hagdanan ng pagtatagumpay. Ang paghihirap ay isa ring paaran para maabot ang iyong pangarap. Wika nga ng aking lolo “ang mga bata ay dapat maghirap para sa paglaki ay maging maginhawa.” Ang tagumpay ay hindi nakakamit sa pagagamit ng pandaraya. Walang nagtatagumpay sa pandadaya. Ang katalinuhan rin ay importante. Ang edukasyon ay susi sa buhay. Ito ay kailangan saan man kahit sa pagtratrabaho. Pwepwede rin itong gamitin sa paglalaro. Kung kanino ipapasa ang bola at papaano magiiskor. Ang katalinuhan ay isa rin sa habol ng mga tao sa iyo. Lalo na kapag naghahanap ka ng trabaho. Hindi lang ang galing sa paglalaro ang tinitingnan, ngunit pati ang loob.

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