The Age of Exploration
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1. Lesther Kim Orcullo III-OLAN
Lesther Kim Orcullo III-OLAN
What do you mean by Age of Exploration?
The Age of Exploration or Age of Discovery as it is sometimes called, officially began in the early 15th century and lasted until the 17th century. The period is characterized as a time when Europeans began exploring the world by sea in search of trading partners, new goods, and new trade routes. In addition, some explorers set sail to simply learn more about the world. Whatever their reasons though, the information gained during the Age of Exploration significantly helped in the advancement of geographic knowledge.
2. What are the factors that paved way of the Age of Exploration? The European Age of Exploration was governed by three major factors; faith, fate, and fortune. Faith refers to how the presence of religion facilitated Europe in their years of exploration. Fate refers to how the geographic locality effected European exploration. And fortune refers to how the search for treasures impacted European exploration. These factors all played a significant role in the shaping, forming, and molding of the European Age of Exploration. The European Age of Exploration was governed by three major factors; faith, fate, and fortune. Faith refers to how the presence of religion facilitated Europe in their years of exploration. Fate refers to how the geographic locality effected European exploration. And fortune refers to how the search for treasures impacted European exploration. These factors all played a significant role in the shaping, forming, and molding of the European Age of Exploration.
Collectively the faith in European exploration was focused and directed to the teachings of the Catholic Church. The main idea of the spread of Catholicism and the word of God around the globe, especially to the New World, attributed to the already tenacious character of the exploration hungry Europeans. Fate was led by the common geographic location of the European explorative countries. Because of Europe’s location they were reliant on the continuous use of oceanic travel in order to trade with Eastern countries. Fortune was a great incentive for the Europeans to explore the globe, as they say; money makes the world go ’round. In the sixteenth century much of the European explorers’ goals for fortune leaned on a doctrine called; Mercantilism. Mercantilism is the belief a state head or a government should do anything and everything in their power to generate a profit or gather unclaimed wealth.
3. Who were the greatest explorers or navigators of Age of Exploration?
* Pedro Alvares Cabral
* Ferdinand Magellan
* James Cook
* John Cabot
* Marco Polo
* Ibn Battuta
* Vasco Da Gama
* Christopher Columbus
* Amerigo Vespucci
* Leif Ericson
4. Definition of Age of Industrial Revolution.
The Industrial Revolution was the transition to new manufacturing processes that occurred in the period from about 1760 to sometime between 1820 and 1840, according to various historians. This transition included going from hand production methods to machines, new chemical manufacturing and iron production processes, improved efficiency of water power, the increasing use of steam power and development of machine tools. The transition also included the change from wood and other bio-fuels to coal. Some of these innovations were mechanical while others were based on applications of science and experimentation. The Industrial revolution began in Britain and within a few decades spread to Western Europe and the United States.
5. Factors that lead to Industrial Revolution.
The percentage of children who lived past infancy rose significantly, leading to a larger workforce. The Enclosure movement and the British Agricultural Revolution made food production more efficient and less labour-intensive, forcing the surplus population who could no longer find employment in agriculture into cottage industry, for example weaving, and in the longer term into the cities and the newly developed factories. The colonial expansion of the 17th century with the accompanying development of international trade, creation of financial markets and accumulation of capital are also cited as factors, as is the scientific of the 17th century
6. Effects of Industrial Revolution.
1. Standards of Living
2. Food and nutrition
4. Clothing and customer goods
5. Population increase
6. Child Labour
8. Organisation of Labour