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Software Development Tool

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  • Category: Computers

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To help counter terrorism, many countries are planning the development of computer systems that track large numbers of their citizens and their actions. Clearly this has privacy implications. Discuss the ethics of developing this type of system.

Ethics is a concern of humans who have freedom of choice. Ethics is about individual choice: When faced with alternative courses of action, what is the correct moral choice? What are the main features of ethical choice?

Software engineers have wider responsibilities on systems development than the mere application of their technical skills. Ethically, an engineer should respect the confidentiality of the public irrespective of whether or not a formal confidentiality agreement has been undertaken.

Developing computer systems to counter terrorism by tracking citizens of a country and their actions has privacy implications. Privacy entails an individual’s right to control the collection and use of his or her personal information, even after that information is disclosed to others with the consent of that individual. Systems are been developed that violates the human privacy rights. Examples are:

Surveillance cameras
Surveillance cameras are setup in peculiar places and are often illusive in the sense that individuals don’t realize that they are being filmed. For the most part these cameras are setup with good intensions namely for the benefit of public safety. They can be a vital tool in preventing or solving crimes. The problem is not that the individual is being filmed, but usually this is done without his or her consent. In some cases the surveillance cameras have been unlawful used or setup without permission.

Credit cards
When we contemplate all the electronic data that is now gathered about each of us as we move through our everyday lives, there seems little doubt that we are leaving behind an electronic record of our activities.

The internet
There are a multitude of data gathering tools available for everyone, and these are being used to monitor the activities of unsuspecting Internet users. What’s alarming is that often these tools covertly collect the information without the user’s knowledge.

Mobile phones
One of the latest services offered by mobile phones is Location Based Services (LBS), which in its basic form will give individuals information about their location. Location Based Services doesn’t only give away the location of individuals, but gives a pattern on what services individuals are interested in.

Tool booths
Countries are adapting a system that automates the passing through of cars by using a billing system which binds the vehicles identity to the owner. While these types of systems are beneficial in many circumstances, privacy could be jeopardized since they easily can facilitate the location of individuals.

It is often possible to obtain a biometric sample, such as a person’s face, without that person’s knowledge. This permits covert recognition of previously enrolled people. Consequently, those who desire to remain anonymous in any particular situation could be denied their privacy by biometric recognition.

All of the above given examples are having same privacy implication and such would be present in developing computer system to track citizens and their actions. Citizen’s confidentiality should be properly considered and evaluated before making decisions on their actions unknowingly. Information gathered from individual can go a long way to cause many damage to one’s life than anticipated.

Ques: 2
Search the library or internet for the companies that supply utility computing. Select two or three companies and compare them to Amazon. What services do these companies provide? What promise do they make about availability? If you were launching a web startup business, would you choose one of these companies over Amazon for the technology services? Why or why not? Would your answer change if you were working for a larger company and had to make a recommendation to the CIO?

Cloud computing for large enterprises and government agencies. Our PowerIT solutions come in a complete suite of services consisting of Build, Operate and Run modules. You can count on us to support your private or hybrid cloud from end to end. We understand that every enterprise requires different needs and therefore our PowerIT Solution is highly scalable so you can build the perfect virtual working environment for your business. MySolution consists of several solutions to meet your business needs. Our suite of cloud services are aimed at helping you boost productivity and efficiency from computing resources right down to collaboration tools. Computing Resources

Our Computing Resources comprise of a range of cloud infrastructure services (IaaS) that deliver virtual platforms or environments for a fraction of the cost. Our services include servers, software, data centre space and network equipment all hosted on the cloud for you to utilise on a 24/7 basis, wherever you are. VADS Cloud Server

Flexible, customisable and accessible online, our Cloud Servers make your programme testing and staging work a lot easier on a pay-per-use or monthly basis. All you have to do is choose a size and an operating system to get your business or applications up and running. Features include:

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Product List Fixed Monthly Subscription Computing Resource Product – IaaS
Cloud Server 1 Core/2Gb RAM/100GB Disk Space/100 GB DT 288.00 Cloud Server 2 Core/4Gb RAM/100GB Disk Space/200 GB DT 576.00 Cloud Server 3 Core/8Gb RAM/100GB Disk Space/300 GB DT 864.00 Cloud Server 4 Core/16Gb RAM/100GB Disk Space/400 GB DT 1,152.00 Cloud Server 5 Core/32Gb RAM/100GB Disk Space/500 GB DT 1,440.00 VADS Cloud Storage

Upload and manage your files while keeping them safe with our Cloud Storage services. Hosted at our secure Data Centres, you can opt to keep your files private or share them with specific users for a more convenient way to run your business. * Secure, scalable online storage

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Storage Size| Price/month|
Cloud Storage 10 GB| 10.00|
Cloud Storage 30 GB| 30.00|
Cloud Storage 50 GB| 50.00|
Cloud Storage 100 GB| 100.00|

VADS Cloud Sites

We make hosting convenient and easy for you. Forget about acquiring your own storage, server space, network and an array of other equipment to host your website. With Cloud Site services, we ensure secure hosting facilities with high scalability and reliability. Our Cloud Site services provide 10GB of webspace along with 1 Free domain which you can use to host an array of websites including: * Campaign websites, microsites, blogsites

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VADS Compute Solutions (Available Soon)

VADS Cloud Load Balancer
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VADS Cloud Firewall
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Give your network added security with an intrusion detection and prevention system (IDPS) to scout out system irregularities, malicious network activity or policy violations. This software-based monitoring application detects and identifies logging information, existing threats and possible incidents that may violate your network security policy. Large organizations use IDPS as a necessary addition to its security infrastructure.

VADS Cloud Antivirus
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VADS Database (Available Soon)

What if your database made it easy to build mobile apps and could make all of your apps social? What if it was automatically secure, proven, and trusted—and even ran in the cloud? Our database is built on open standards, engineered for mobile and social apps, secure, proven, and trusted for business. Your data is always backed up, with built in disaster recovery. Plus it’s automatically elastic. As you grow, your database grows with you.

http://www.google.com.my/#hl=en&cp=10&gs_id=11&xhr=t&q=amazon+utility+computing&pf=p&sclient=psy-ab&source=hp&pbx=1&oq=amazon+uti&aq=0&aqi=g4&aql=&gs_sm=&gs_upl=&bav=on.2,or.r_gc.r_pw.,cf.osb&fp=9c3026dec8738d86&biw=1280&bih=699 mimos

http://www.google.com.my/#sclient=psy-ab&hl=en&source=hp&q=mimos+cloud&pbx=1&oq=mimos+c&aq=1&aqi=g4&aql=&gs_sm=c&gs_upl=3817l6377l2l8612l3l2l1l0l0l0l1460l2009l5-1.0.1l3l0&bav=on.2,or.r_gc.r_pw.,cf.osb&fp=9c3026dec8738d86&biw=1280&bih=699 Vads

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In developing such systems, when confronted with a situation that seems to present ethical issues, how should it be analyzed? The following five-step process should help.

1. Identify and describe clearly the facts. Find out who did what to whom, and where, when, and how. In many instances, you will be surprised at the errors in the initially reported facts, and often you will find that simply getting the facts straight helps define the solution. It also helps to get the opposing parties involved in an ethical dilemma to agree on the facts.

2. Define the conflict or dilemma and identify the higher-order values involved. Ethical, social, and political issues always reference higher values. The parties to a dispute all claim to be pursuing higher values (e.g., freedom, privacy, protection of property, and the free enterprise system). Typically, an ethical issue involves a dilemma: two diametrically opposed courses of action that support worthwhile values.

3. Identify the stakeholders. Every ethical, social, and political issue has stakeholders: players in the game who have an interest in the outcome, who have invested in the situation, and usually who have vocal opinions. Find out the identity of these groups and what they want. This will be useful later when designing a solution.

4. Identify the options that you can reasonably take. You may find that none of the options satisfy all the interests involved, but that some options do a better job than others. Sometimes arriving at a good or ethical solution may not always be a balancing of consequences to stakeholders.

5. Identify the potential consequences of your options. Some options may be ethically correct but disastrous from other points of view. Other options may work in one instance but not in other similar instances. Always ask yourself, “What if I choose this option consistently over time?”

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