We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy

Patau syndrome essay

The whole doc is available only for registered users

A limited time offer! Get a custom sample essay written according to your requirements urgent 3h delivery guaranteed

Order Now

Patau syndrome is a disorder that occurs due to the appearance of a person’s thirteen chromosome three times (trisomy 13) instead of only twice in the cell. In some cases of the disorder, only a select percentage of the cells display the third thirteen chromosome while others contain the average amount of pairs, this is known as mosaicism. The extra chromosomal material in the cell can lead to many problems in the developmental stages of the humans life, these developmental issues cause severe mental retardation and physical defects or abnormalities in other body parts of that person. Patau syndrome occurs in approximately one out of every ten-thousand to sixteen thousand infants born. The disorder is primarily not an inherited trait, being caused by random events in the formation of the sperm and egg of healthy parents.

Because of the many severe defects entailed to babies born with the disease, many do not survive past the first days or weeks of their lives; only five to ten percent of babies born with the disease live through the first year of their life. Many babies born with Patau syndrome have small or poorly developed eyes, heart defects, brain or spinal cord abnormalities, a cleft lip or palate, close-set eyes, and many other defects. Infants born with the disorder also have a impeded rate of growth due to problems feeding. Treatment for Patau syndrome is relevant due to the severity of the defects in the infant. Surgical procedures can be performed, but are usually done after the baby’s first few months of life due to the high mortality rate of effected infants. Patau syndrome can be spotted post-birth through X-rays showing the placement of the heart further to the right of their chest than normal, or a CT or MRI can be performed displaying the structure of the infant’s brain. In most cases of Patau syndrome, either side of the baby’s brain will be fused together (holoprosencephaly).

Related Topics

We can write a custom essay

According to Your Specific Requirements

Order an essay
Materials Daily
100,000+ Subjects
2000+ Topics
Free Plagiarism
All Materials
are Cataloged Well

Sorry, but copying text is forbidden on this website. If you need this or any other sample, we can send it to you via email.

By clicking "SEND", you agree to our terms of service and privacy policy. We'll occasionally send you account related and promo emails.
Sorry, but only registered users have full access

How about getting this access

Your Answer Is Very Helpful For Us
Thank You A Lot!


Emma Taylor


Hi there!
Would you like to get such a paper?
How about getting a customized one?

Can't find What you were Looking for?

Get access to our huge, continuously updated knowledge base

The next update will be in:
14 : 59 : 59