We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy

History Of Tourism

essay
The whole doc is available only for registered users OPEN DOC

A limited time offer! Get a custom sample essay written according to your requirements urgent 3h delivery guaranteed

Order Now

Early Beginnings of Travel
The Babylonians (Sumerians)
– The creation of money and trade
– Trade was developed around 400 B.C.
– Babylonians were also credited with thefounders of travel business.

Early Beginnings of Travel The Egyptians
– First cruises were organized and conducted from Egypt.
• The first journey for Tourism was made by Queen Hatshepsut to the land of Punt in 1480.

– Early Egyptians started the trait of purchasing souvenirs from the places they visit

Early Beginnings of Travel The Egyptians
– 2700 BC: the Pharaohs began to build elaborate burial tombs (pyramids)
– Egyptians were also the first ones to start celebrating festivals.

First Voyage Around the World Use of Early roads
– Mesopotamian roads were mainly paved dirt roads.
– The island of Crete had better roads
• 13 ½ feet wide twolane road.

First Voyage Around the World Use of Early roads
– The Romans developed roads for military use and it covered most of their empire.
• Developed at around 150 BC
• Roman roads were quite elaborate in construction. (cobblestones)
• And some of these roads are still in use.

First Voyage Around the World
The Silk Road
– The fabled road where the east met the west.
– Some sections were directions across trackless steppe or desert
– A trade route where states along this route traded.
– Silk was not the only thing traded there.

The Classical World
The Olympic Games
– Started in 776 BC.
– City states gathered togetherevery 4 years for competition
– The games created festivals, and attractions were born out of it.
– Lodging also became a commodity needed during these festivals

The Classical World
Herodotus
– Father of History
– Travelled all over Greecce and the Aegean Islands, sailed to Cyrene and explored Sicily and Italy.
– Made records of his travels
– Also considered as the worlds first “Travel Writer”

Early Ships
Phoenicians
– Master shipwrights.
– Built a network of trading posts
around the Mediterranean.

Greeks
– Followed the Phoenicians.
– Improved ships and accelerated the Mediterranean trade.
– Merchantships also carried passengers for profit.

Early Ships and Records of
Travel
Chinese
– Had ministers for travel as early as 4,000 years ago.

Polynesians
– Used small dugout canoes under 40 feet and used these to travel from South East Asia.

Early Tourism Developments
Europeans
– The fall of Rome spelled disaster for travel and tourism.
– Dark ages- only the most adventurous persons would travel. Travel was not for pleasure.
• The Crusades

– End of the Dark Ages; pilgrimages were popular.
• The ancient Passport was born in 1388: permits for pilgrimages were required

Early Tourism Developments
Europeans
– The rise of tour guides came about in the 14th century.
– Pilgrimages gave birth to different accommodation facilities.
– The “Grand Tour”
• Travelling for educational purposes.
• Where present trips to Europe originated

Early Tourist Attractions
• Great Pyramids of Egypt (including Sphinx)
• Hanging Gardens of Babylon
• Tomb of Mausolus at Halicarnassus
• Statue of Zeus at Olympia

Early Tourist Attractions
• Collosus of Rhodes in the Harbor at Rhodes
• Great Lighthouse (Pharos) in Alexandria, Egypt
• Temple Artemis at Ephesus

Other Early Accommodation Facilities
Spas, Baths and Seaside Resorts
– The use of Spas after the original use by the Romans.
– 18th century: Spas were very fashionable
– Sea Bathing also became popular because saltwater had medicinal effects.

First Travel Agents
Robert Smart
– Self-Proclaimed first steamship agent.

First Travel Agents
Thomas Cook
– Began Running a special excursion train from Leicester to Loughborough
– Was recognized as the first rail excursion agent.
– It covered a distance of 22 km for 570 members.
– He acted as an agent by buying tickets in bulk and selling it to others on a non profit basis.
– This gave him an idea to package tours in a profitable manner.

First Travel Agents
Thomas Cook
– He organized the travel arrangements, accommodations, transport at the destinations and return to the homeland.
– He organized the first ‘inclusive tour’ to Paris Exhibition in 1855.
– ‘Hotel voucher’ was introduced by Thomas Cook in 1867 and ‘Circular Note’ in 1873 which made travel easier.
– First ‘Round the world tour’ in 1872.

First Travel Agents
Thomas Benett
– Served as the British consul general in Oslo.
– Arranged scenic tours in Norway for visiting British notables.
– 1850: he set up a “Trip Organizer” business and provided tourists with itineraries, carriages, provisions and a “traveling kit”

Historic Transportation
Stagecoach Travel
– Coaches were invented in Hungary during the 15th century and provided regular service on prescribed routes.
– Stagecoach travel became so popular that it was responsible for the development of the famous English Tavern.

Historic Transportation
Water Travel
– As early as 1772, market boats picked up passengers and goods on ship canals in England.
– Transport Service between Manchester and the London Bridge
• This water travel service had a coffee room

– Then came the Steamboats in 1815.

Historic Transportation
• Rail Travel
• Automobile and Motor coach Travel

Historic Transportation
Air Travel
– 1926 saw the first US Airline: Variety Airlines
– First international route was flown by Pan American Airways from Key West, FL to Havana, Cuba
– Gradual expansion of territories covered by US Airlines.
– Most of their staff and equipment was used for war service during WWII.

Historic Transportation
Air Travel
– The Boeing 707: the first commercial Jet made by the United States.
– 1969: The Concorde takes flight
– 2003: The Concorde took its last Commercial Flight.

Historic Accommodations
• Private dwellings were the earliest guest rooms. Travellers were hosted almost like members of the family.
• Caravansaries and inns were used in the Middle East and in the Orient.

Related Topics

We can write a custom essay

According to Your Specific Requirements

Order an essay
Get Access To The Full Essay
icon
300+
Materials Daily
icon
100,000+ Subjects
2000+ Topics
icon
Free Plagiarism
Checker
icon
All Materials
are Cataloged Well

Sorry, but copying text is forbidden on this website. If you need this or any other sample, we can send it to you via email.

By clicking "SEND", you agree to our terms of service and privacy policy. We'll occasionally send you account related and promo emails.
Sorry, but only registered users have full access

How about getting this access
immediately?

Become a member

Your Answer Is Very Helpful For Us
Thank You A Lot!

logo

Emma Taylor

online

Hi there!
Would you like to get such a paper?
How about getting a customized one?

Can't find What you were Looking for?

Get access to our huge, continuously updated knowledge base

The next update will be in:
14 : 59 : 59
Become a Member