Effects of Globlization
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Globalization has both positive and negative effects about one of the major concerns, health. The health care is primarily affected by globalization is through the increasing and worsening of internationalization of various health risks. However, if you will have to define the terms and other dimensions of the health risks such as; Technological, economic, social, political and cultural as well as scientific aspects. The linkages between health care and globalization are quite complex. Globalization itself is a multifaceted phenomenon which can affect health care in various ways. Globalization in a general view is causing changes in nature of the society which can bring new possibilities, also risks. The effects of globalization in healthcare are creating a growing concern on the health of the citizenry. The increased movement of both goods and people increases opportunities for the spread of disease around the world. There are also concerns about the following: Potential public health problems due to market liberalization, the emergence of new diseases globally, worsening of existing ones due to climate change and Governmental oversight over economic policies that can affect spending on healthcare.
International cooperation as a result of globalization has also had a great impact on health practices in many countries including Europe. Globalization itself is an extremely complex phenomenon where there is the interactive and dynamic co-evaluation of multiple cultural, economic, technological m environmental and social norms and trends at various conceivable scales. However, the identification of the possible effects of globalization on healthcare goes far and even beyond the current capacity of our mental ability to capture and decipher the dynamics of the global system that we are in. With the complex and complicated depth of issues concerning the effects of globalization for health, it is a must that we focus on the risks to health and the delivery of health care to people which are strongly related to the central core of aspects of the globalization process which includes travel, trade and exchange of ideas and information.
Business and employment
The full impact of globalization in the workplace has yet to be realized, but as more companies embrace this trend and become more diverse, certain changes are emerging. While many of these changes are good, others may not be as positive. Small business owners are learning that they have to adopt new policies and new guidelines to keep up with these changes. As globalization becomes more prevalent, companies deal with increased cultural diversity within the workforce. These changes require small and large businesses to learn how to deal with this diversity as well as to adopt new policies and guidelines for workers. Differences in work ethics and religious differences are hot-button topics worldwide. This increased cultural diversity also has produced many benefits as companies gain new insights into different cultures from a management and a marketing standpoint.
Globalization has impacted education therefore it is now easier to remote cultures that previously did not have access. This has opened the doors to not only educational opportunities, but global employment opportunities as well. The advent of the notion of global citizens and the well-educated workforce of the emerging globalized system has shifted educational priorities and created upheaval in traditional styles of education also known as direct instruction. Furthermore, as countries recognize the immediacy of globalization, some have begun to establish guidelines to enshrine their own cultural diversity within an educational framework that meets the requirements of emerging globalization trends. Globalization has also contributed to an increasing interest in English-language education worldwide. In response to the emergence of English as a world-linking, global language, an increasing number of schools have stepped up English–language requirements, even at undergraduate levels. The argument is that a universal teaching language is necessary as a natural consequence of globalization. An example of the negative impact of globalization on education is Nigeria, where a plethora of local languages adds complexity to the task of educating citizens. This means that to maintain cultural diversity, allowances must be made for the multitude of local languages.
Globalization have some positive impacts on the environment to some extent but there are still some crucial negative impacts of globalization in play. The negative impacts are mainly export-orientated* destruction on the environment whilst the positive impacts are increase awareness and multinational corporations’ research into eco-friendly technology. The main positive impact that globalization has on the environment are that there is improvements in the use of resources and awareness and that due to globalization research is being conducted that creates greener technology. Globalization has assisted in improving the use of resources and saving the environment by promoting growth through development, improving education and incomes. We can give some examples;
The World Bank is an example of this as it has successfully helped Mexico City in the 1990s to reduce the number of unhealthy ozone days. Due to globalization multinational corporations have been conducting research and creating technology to reduce the impact of humans on the environment often referred to as green technology. Some examples of greener technology are hybrid cars and the new ‘green’ Apple Mac. Hybrid cars are a green option for cars and they typically achieved greater fuel economy and lower emissions than normal cars which results in fewer emission being generation. Apple has stated that MacBook has been built “using materials that are highly recyclable and free of many of the harmful substances present in other computers.” The software and hardware have also been designed to work together to make the computer more energy efficient and to “minimize the carbon footprint of the MacBook.” Unfortunately the negative impacts of globalization on the environment far outweigh the positives. *Export-oriented industrialization (EOI) sometimes called export substitution industrialization (ESI), export led industrialization (ELI) or export-led growth is a trade and economic policy aiming to speed up the industrialization process of a country by exporting goods for which the nation has a comparative advantage. Also, globalization have some negative impacts on the environment through global warming which is due to greenhouse gas emissions which are caused by a growth of industrialization in the developing world and by a heavy reliance on fossil fuels.
Politics and Government
An obvious characteristic of globalization is that money, goods and manufacturing have become far more mobile than they once were, with the result that corporations are freer than ever to move, and finance to invest, wherever they choose. Therefore, national governments are less able to control the activities of mobile businesses than in the past, while corporations and finance are in a better position to dictate to national governments. They do this by relocating their activities to – and buying the currencies of – states whose policies they approve and abandoning, or threatening to abandon, the rest.