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Sri Ganganagar

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| Sri Ganganagar is a northern most city of Rajasthan State of western India . Sri Ganganagar is situated at the point where the Satluj Waters enters Rajasthan.The foundation stone of the Gang Canal Head Works at Ferozepur was laid on 5 December 1925 and the work completed in 1927 by constructing 89 miles of lined canal. The opening ceremony was performed on 26 October 1927. Sri Ganganagar is one of the well planned cities of India . It is said to be influenced by the town planning of Paris . It is divided into residential blocks and commercial area which includes Dhan Mandi.

Residential Blocks have large parks for each Blocks and Community centers and places of worship are at junctions of three or four blocks. Bagri and Punjabi languages are spoken by majority of population. Econonmy of Sri Ganganagar District is dependent on agriculture.The city has Cotton Ginning and Pressing factories, Mustard Oil mills and Sugar Mills Ltd.It also has spinning and textile Factories. Because of its prosperity from agriculture, Sri Ganganagar District also has a large number of automobiles and it becomes one of the largest automobile markets in India. The climate of Sri Ganganagar varies to extreme limits. The Summer Temperature reaches up to 50° Celsius and Winter Temperature dips just around 0° Celsius. The average annual rainfall is only 20cms. Ganganagar district known as “the food basket of Rajasthan”.

Desert land was converted to a green town by the efforts of Maharaja Ganga Singh, who brought the Gang canal. which carries the excess waters of Punjab and Himachal Pradesh to the region, making Ganganagar district known as “the food basket of Rajasthan”.[8] The economy of the city is based on agriculture, its main crops are wheat, mustard and cotton. Other crops are guar, bajra, sugar cane and grams. In recent years, farmers are also diverting towards horticulture. Kinnow (a citrus family fruit or a hybrid citrus fruit from “orange”) is a popular horticultural product; other fruits of the citrus family are also grown.The majority of agricultural land is owned by Punjabis giving them political and societal leverage over other communities in this area.

Industries in Sri Ganganagar District are based on agriculture. Major industries are cotton ginning and pressing factories, mustard oil mills,
wheat flour mills, Rajasthan State Ganganagar Sugar Mills, which is known for its Royal Heritage Liqueurs.[9][10] 20 top renowned industries are Vikas WSP (P)Limited, T.C. Fresh Kinnow Waxing, Kanda Edible Oil Unit, Ruchi Soya Indusjtries etc. It also has cotton spinning and textile factories such as JCT Mills (now closed). Most of the factories are located in and around Sriganganagar City. Mr. B D Aggarwal, The owner of VIKAS WSP LIMITED donated Rs 100 Cr for Medical College in Sri Ganganagar.It is the highest act of philanthrophy made by any Rajasthani for social cause. Education

The city has been a center of learning since its early ages. This city has a large proportion of land which is dedicated to educational institutes. Notable educational institutions from the city include: * Seveanth day Adventist Sr. Sec. School

* Sri Guru Nanak Khalsa Higher Sen. Sec. School (Since 1939) * Govt. Sen. Sec. School(This is one of the oldest school and Popularly Known as MultiPurpose School) * Bhopal Wala Arya Higher Sen. Sec. School

* Nosegay Public School
* Bihani Children’s Academy
* Kendriya Vidyalaya
* Guru Harkrishan Public School
* B. S. F Senior Secondary School
* Good Shepherd Public School
* Sacred Heart Convent School
* Blooming Dales International School
* Tiny Tots Public School
* Saraswati Public School
* Seth G. L. bihani S. D. Sen. Sec. School
* Arorvansh Public School
* Golden Rays Public School
* Nav Kiran Public School
* The Sanskriti School
* B.L.Memorial Senior Secondary School

* Sri Guru Nanak Khalsa College
* Seth G. L. Bihani S. D.(P. G.) College
* Sri Guru Nanak Khalsa Law College
* Govt. Law College
* Maharshi Dayanand (PG) College
* CH. Ballu Ram Godara Girls College
* CH. Malu Ram Bhambu Govt. Polytechnic College
* Shri Aatm Vallabh Jain Girls College
* Guru Nanak Girls College
* Tantia Group of Higher Education
* Bihani Institute of Management
* Surendra Dental College and Hospital

Notable personalities
* Col Avtar Singh Cheema (1933–1989): An Arjuna Awardee who was the first Indian to climb Mount Everest. He was a part of the third mission undertaken by the Indian Army, in 1965, to climb Mt. Everest after two failed attempts. He successfully conquered the mountain on 20 May 1965. Due to his dislike for publicity he never got the acclaim he should have got. He was Captain in the Parachute regiment at that time. Later he was promoted to colonel. * Jagjit Singh: Famous Ghazal singer, was born in Sri Ganganagar. Languages

The main languages in the area are Bagri a dialect of Rajasthani, Punjabi and Hindi as well.Majority of people in the district speaks Bagri, Punjabi. Hindi and English are official languages. [11] The Punjabi language, as an optional subject, is taught in schools and colleges of the city. Punjabi music is very popular in the Sri Ganganagar. The impact of the Saraiki dialect can be observed in Arora, Raisikhs and Saraiki Muslim communities. Now this dialect, Saraiki is losing ground in the northern part of the district. Bagri is spoken only in Ganganagar and Hanumangarh districts and in some tehsils of neighbouring Punjab and Haryana.

A number of writers of the district have made contributions to Rajasthani literature, through Bagri.[12] Culture
Punjabi and Bagri cultures dominate the district.
The embroidered Odhni (mostly red in colour) is a symbol of Bagri women. A long shirt and ghaghro (long frock type clothes) and borlo (a head ornament) is the traditional dress of Bagri women. Punjabi women wear a suit and salwar with chunni (cloth on head). This attire has also become popular with women of other communities. Some women of the Hindu and Muslim Seraiki people still wear ghaggra (long frock). The Purdah (or veil) is mainly in vogue among Bagri women. Men mainly wear a pant-shirt, kurta-payjama and dhoti (Punjabis call it the chadara-kurta).§ Traditional Sikh and Rajasthani devotional music is popular. Bollywood songs are listened to with same enthusiasm as in other northern Indian regions. Religion

Most people practice the Hindu and Sikh religions. People worship folk gods such as Ramdevji and Gogaji. Many have faith in Pirs and Saints and they visit their khanghahs (shrines). Some practise Islam. Some follow Dera-culture, such as Sachcha-Sauda, Radha-Soami and Nirankari deras. Tourist attractions

Tourist attractions include
* Kalibangan which is a famous archaeological site for the Indus Valley Civilization. * Historical Gurudwara Buddha Johad. An large gurudwara, which is 85 km from Ganganagar in the south-west. This is a place where Bhai Sukha Singh and Mehtab Singh brought the head of Massa Rangarh (guilty of sacrilege of the Amritsar Golden Temple) and hung it on a tree on August 11, 1740. * Bror Village. The ruins of the Indus valley civilisation are found here. It is located on Anoopgarh-Ramsinghpur road. * Dada Pamparam’s Dera is at Vijayanagar town, and is the samadhi[clarification needed] (tomb) of Baba Pamparam. * Laila-Manjnu ki Mazar (tomb), Binjaur village.

Laila Majnu Ki Mazar is 11 km (6.6 mi) far from Anoopgarh on the western side. Here is the so-called Mazar of Laila-Majnu, actually this was built in remembrance of mutual devotion and love between a teacher and a student. A fair is held in June. * The Suratgarh Super Critical Thermal Power Station is an electricity production project that is maintained by the Rajasthan Rajya Vidhyut Utpadan Nigam Limited. It is Rajasthan’s foremost super thermal power station. This station has been successful in controlling pollution and maintaining balance of atmospheric emissions in the environment. The Union Ministry of Power has awarded this power station with the Golden Shield Award. * Anoopgarh Fort is a ruin in the city of Anoopgarh. It was built by Anoop Singh Rathore. * Suratgarh-Jaitsar state agriculture farm.

* The Hindumalkot Border, the Indo-Pak Border, derives its name from Hindumal, the Diwan of Bikaner. Pakistan’s Observation Post can be seen from this site. Major Markets in Sri Ganganagar
* Gol Bazaar
* Durga Mandir Area
* Purani Abadi Sabji Mandi
* Cloth Market
* Sukhadia Shopping Center
* Sadar Bazaar
Temples and places for worship
The landscape of Sri Ganganagar is dotted with numerous temples and religious places. The famous temples in Sri Ganganagar include
* Ram Mandir,
* The Gauri Shankar Temple is dedicated to Lord Shiva. There is a Shivalinga in the sanctum of this temple. This temple is built using sandstone and has two cone shaped turrets., * Siddhi Jhaanki Wale Hanumaan Ji Ka Mandir,

* Hanumaan Mandir commonly known as Balaji Dhaam is situated on Hanumangarh Road, near the Ridhi Sidhi Enclave. This temple is devoted to Sri Balaji and is surrounded by numerous other temples, * Durga Mandir

* Rojhri Dham is a complex of religious sites dedicated to the worship of the Hindu deity Hanuman. Dham attracts many local worshippers throughout the year. On Chaitra Purnima and Ashvin Purnima every year, large jagrans are organized, where thousands of people assemble to pay their homage to the deity. Hanuman Sewa Samiti manages the Temple and Jagarans. The temple of Hanuman is situated on right side of Anupgarh-Bikaner road, about one kilometre from Rojhri Village. * Chanana-Dham(Chanana shrine)A great temple of Lord Hanumanji is here, built in 1971. It is located 36 km from district headquarters on the way to Padampur (Tehsil) on bifurcating road at Chunawad town along with GG canal. In addition to this, religious centres such as Gurudwara Shri Budha Johar Shaheb and Shivpuri Kagad are common tourist destinations. Shri Jagadamba Andh-vidhyalaya. One of the largest institutes of India for the education of visually, hearing and speech impaired people is also a place worth visiting.It is situated within Sri Ganganagar city. Gardens

The city has a number of gardens and parks. Prominent among them are * Nehru Park[disambiguation needed]
* Indra Vatika
* Sukhadia Park
* Himsloke park

Although we boast of development in all fields and state that we belong to a modern society, I fail to understand how we measure development and what exactly we mean by “modern”. One of the many examples that come to my mind at this point of time is the treatment given by today’s generation to their elders. Can we claim to be modern when we despise, disrespect and ill-treat our parents and grandparents? Are our parents and grand-parents not responsible for what we are today? If they sacrificed their time, energy and money for our well-being, is it right for us to abandon them in the evening of their lives? Can such a cruel act be considered “modern”? If despising, disrespecting and ill-treating our elders is part of modern culture, I regret to state that the so-called modern society is destined to be doomed. Let us look at the Goan family in the past. When I say past, I look at the period just prior to the 1970s. Elders were respected in their families. They were the pillars guiding each and every family member.

The “joint family system” was prominent. particularly among the Hindu families. The entire family used to live, cook and eat and pray together. Due to the presence of the elders, discipline was the backbone of family life. Members shared their works and income too. Each member was given due respect and honour as per his/her contribution towards the well-being of the family. There prevailed an atmosphere of cooperation, sharing, love and sacrifice in the family. It strengthened the family value system. Hence there were practically no or very few incidents of crime such as thefts, assaults, rapes, murders, etc. Everyone lived a contended and peaceful life, first and foremost because there was complete security to human life. However, in this so-called modern society, everything has reversed. The actions of the younger generation towards the family elders are proof to this: We show hate to our elders by calling them names. We do not hesitate to express this hatred towards our elders in the presence of our children. We forget to realize that insults by words are more hurtful than physical assaults. We deny the elders of some of simple but important needs.

They may feel the need of a cigarette or two during the day and a sip of a drink in the evening. We do not fulfill these simple requirements, which at times may have an adverse effect on them. When we treat our elders disrespectfully, there is bound to be a disastrous impact on their emotions, which has many a time compelled them to even commit suicide. What a dilemma! The persons who sacrificed to brighten our lives are in their old age compelled by us to end their lives. Our elders, literates as well as illiterates, are a rich source of knowledge fully backed by vast experience. We could benefit from them, but unfortunately we dub them as “old fashioned” and out rightly reject their views and opinion. By behaving in such a manner we crush our elders’ emotions, feelings and sentiments and destroy their respect, honour and dignity. We murder them mentally and emotionally. What a reward for their providing us everything for our own mental and emotional growth. The elders living in our families today were children and youth once upon a time. They grew up with love, financial assistance and guidance from their parents, received the required education, started working and earning, got married, became parents and grand-parents, and should now be enjoying the twilight of their lives. They deserve to enjoy it. Regrettably there are many parents and grand-parents who are subjected to humiliation and hatred in their old age. Ads by Google

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The present “modern” generation must realize that they too will become parents and grand-parents some day. Will it not be divine justice if their sons, daughters and daughters-in-law treat them the way they have treated their elders? This trend must end. We must recognize the value of the treasure of experience our elders possess. We must try to make positive use of that vast experience that can definitely give a proper direction to the future of our youth. Unfortunately in today’s times we transfer that wealth of experience to “homes for the aged”, little realizing that we have displaced from our homes valuable ” role models” for our children to be better humans.

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