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Monaco – ancient country

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Monaco, Is an ancient country that has a rich and colorful history. It is considered by many to be Europe’s most fascinating country. Monico is a popular resort, attracting many tourists to its casinos and sandy beaches.

Monaco is the smallest independent country in Europe. It is located on the southeastern part of France, and borders the Mediterranean Sea and is surrounded by France. The terain of monaco is very hilly, rugged, and rocky. To get to the country of monaco is to drive, ride a train, or take a helikopter. There is no airport in monico. There is only a heliport in Fontvieille. The closest one is in Nice, France.

Monaco is the smallest country in the world. The area is approximately .75 square miles. The population is around 31,987, which was taken in the 2002 census. Monaco has one of the highest population densities of any country in the world. It has around 42,485 people per square mile. Its favorable climate and beaches attract tourists. monaco is most famous for its cosmopolitan character and gambling casinos. The city is one of four districts in the tiny principality of Monaco, for which tourism provides the economic backbone. The four districts are the capital, which is Monaco, La Condamine, Monte Carlo, and Fontvieille. The official language that is spoken in monaco is French, although some people speak Monegasque, which is a mixture of French and Italian.

The other languages that are spoken is also Italian and English. The number of nationalities in monaco are around 13 thousand French, 5 thousand Monaco nationals, 5 thousand Italians, and 8 thousand Diverse nationalities. The climate in monaco is very warm and has an average temperature of 80 degrees Fahrenheit in the summer, and 50 degrees in the winter. Most of the days are very nice and sunny, which helps the tourist come all year round. There are many sports that can be played in Monaco. The main ones are tennis, squash, swimming, sailing and Big Game Fishing. Most of them can be played in new facilitys that have been built in the last few years.

The history for monaco goes back for many years. In 1297 the principality was acquired by the house of Grimaldi, a Genoese family. In 1793, during the French Revolution, the Grimaldi were dispossessed, and their principality was annexed by France. in 1815, the Treaty of Vienna, which stated that the principality was made a protectorate of the kingdom of Sardinia. In 1861, Monaco was restored as an independent state under the guardianship of France. In 1997, the Principality of Monaco celebrated the 700 years reign of the Grimaldi dynasty. Which all began on January 8, 1297. When the Guelf Francois Grimaldi dressed as a Franciscan monk and seized the fortress that protected the famous rock and the port of Hercules.

There is many traditions and festivals that have been upheld for centuries in Monaco. It is the essential part of the social, cultural and moral heritage of the Monegasque people. There are many festivals in monaco. Such as the the Feast of Saint Roman, Saint John’s day, and the well known carnival. The tradition of the carnival in Monaco goes back to the fifteenth century. The carnival starts in the begining of summer on the Sunday of Epiphany and Ash Wednesday. So the people of monaco have the opportunity to enjoy themselves before starting the long period of Lent. During the carnival, young people disguise themselves in old clothes, which was started at the begining of the tradition. The tradition of the Carnival has been revived over the last thirty years. It’s been changed and organized by the Roca-Club. Which creates a parade of floats, disguises, enormous dummy heads, fights with confetti each year.

The Prince of monaco is head of state and represents the Principality on the world stage. Part of his role is to sign and ratify treaties. Succession to the throne is in a direct descent from the Prince, which is a priority given to the male descendants. The Hereditary Prince has full executive power from the age of 21, until a date of Regency can be established. In case there is no legitimate descendant. An adopted child can become a pretender to the throne. In specific areas, the Prince is assisted by the Crown Council and State Committee in making decisions.

The economy of Monaco is very different from any other country in the world. Monaco has no natural resources and is a very tiny country.

There is no crops , pastures or any woodland forests in Monaco, because of it size and all the cities are group closely together. Monaco is developing and modernizing very fast. The city has a very low unemployment rate of 3% , because it provides work for almost all of the 30,000 people. It also, makes efforts to manage its advantages in the best possible way. With an aim of improving the quality of life. The economy generates most of it’s money from the tourists and casinos from the cities, mainly Monte-Carlo. In 1993, the gross domestic product, which measures the total value of goods and services produced in the country, was $558 million. The economy of Monaco relies heavily on migrant labor, mainly from France and Italy. The government retains monopolies in a number of sectors. Including tobacco, telephone networks, and the postal service. The living standards in monaco are high, and are roughly comparable to those in prosperous French metropolitan areas. The Currency that is used in monaco is the Euro dollar. There is also no taxes for residents of monaco.

There are three major cities that are in Monaco. One of them is Monaco, which is the capital of the country, and is also known as the old town. It is located atop the Rocks of Monaco. It includes the Palace of Monaco and the imposing Musee Oceanographique that is a renowned aquarium.

Monte Carlo, was created in 1866, in the reign of Prince Charles III, who gave it the name Monte Carlo. With its internationally famous Casinos, great hotels, and leisure facilities. Make it one of best cities in monaco. Some of the attractions were just created recently. The Larvotto beach, the Monte Carlo Sporting Club, and the Boulingrins Gardens.

Fontvieille, is the site of the Princess Grace Rose Garden and marina. One of the newest attractions is the Stamps and Money Museum, and the Museum of Old Cars, showcased from the private collections of Prince Rainier. Fontvielle is known as a great technical achievement. With the filling-in 40 meters of water with rock to produce a platform. That supports the urban tourist and sporting complexs, and a yachting marina. The other well known city is the La condamine, which is the area around the harbor. Has many shops and restaurants for tourist to visit and to enjoy for the first time.

Residents of Monaco, representing 108 different nationalities, can place their children in different schools. Which are either a part of or affiliated with the Ministry of Education. The educational program and the diplomas obtained are the same as in France. The only difference in Monaco is that children not only begin learning English in Elementary school, but they are also introduced to the traditional language and history of Monaco. The rate of success for passing the French National Baccalaureat exam is close to 90%.

A climate of security reigns in Monaco. Making this distinguished setting even more appreciable. The security specialists say that it would be difficult to find in an other place that is safer than Monaco. There is one policeman for every 100 residents. They also have a system of 24-hour video surveillance spanning over the entire area of the Principality. The survellance includes the majority of residence halls and a transmitting system.That has the possibility of blocking all access in and out of the Principality in several minutes. It also has surveillance teams inside of every Casino’s and in all of the gambling establishments and hotels. The Monaco police department is managed by a highly ranking member of the French police force. Monaco’s police department is amongst the most modern and efficient in all of Europe. Prince Rainier rule was that Monaco must have total security. To be an officer of monaco, they must go through a 2-year intensive training program.

Which is extremely strict and teaches that any negative actions are forbidden in Monaco. They prohibit any indecent clothing, begging is non allowed, and traffic laws are strictly enforced. The court system in Monaco almost always pronounces maximum sentences.

Today, Monaco is one of the most facinating places in the world.

Mostley because of the wealth and the many luxuries that are in the cities. I think it is one of the neatest places in the world.

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