Father of Animation
- Pages: 5
- Word count: 1086
- Category: Walt Disney
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People might say Walt Disney, but there were animated movie cartoons, based on comic strips for the most part, pre-Disney. It is believed that Felix the Cat-in black and white, was the earliest Movie animated cartoon by the King Features Syndicate and by accident of history- a soaky-head puppet used as a test subject on a turntable in l947- the first Television cartoon- regular movie-based Felix shorts were also probably the first regularly televised. Chronology as follows (movie cartoons): Felix the Cat (silent)-l923, Bugs Bunny (sound)-l927 earliest Mickey Mouse- (originally called steamboat willie)-l928.
Who is the father of 3D animation ?
(born January 12, 1957) is an American animator, film director and the chief creative officer at Pixar and Walt Disney Animation Studios. He is also currently the Principal Creative Advisor for Walt Disney Imagineering. Lasseter’s first job was with The Walt Disney Company, where he became an animator. Next, he joined Lucasfilm, where he worked on the then-groundbreaking use of CGI animation. After the Graphics Group of the Computer Division of Lucas film was sold to Steve Jobs and became Pixar in 1986, Lasseter oversaw all of Pixar’s films and associated projects as executive producer and he directed Toy Story, A Bug’s Life, Toy Story 2, Cars, and Cars 2.
Animation is a graphic representation of drawings to show movement within those drawings. A series of drawings are linked together and usually photographed by a camera. The drawings have been slightly changed between individualized frames so when they are played back in rapid succession (24 frames per second) there appears to be seamless movement within the drawings. Pioneers of animation include Winsor McCay of the United States and Emile Cohl and Georges Melies of France. Some consider McCay’s Sinking of the Lusitania from 1918 as the first animated feature film. Early animations, which started appearing before 1910, consisted of simple drawings photographed one at a time. It was extremely labor intensive as there were literally hundreds of drawings per minute of film. The development of celluloid around 1913 quickly made animation easier to manage. Instead of numerous drawings, the animator now could make a complex background and/or foreground and sandwich moving characters in between several other pieces of celluloid, which is transparent except for where drawings are painted on it.
This made it unnecessary to repeatedly draw the background as it remained static and only the characters moved. It also created an illusion of depth, especially if foreground elements were placed in the frames. Walt Disney took animation to a new level. He was the first animator to add sound to his movie cartoons with the premiere of Steamboat Willie in 1928. In 1937, he produced the first full length animated feature film, Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs. With the introduction of computers, animation took on a whole new meaning. Many feature films of today had animation incorporated into them for special effects. A film like Star Warsby George Lucas would rely heavily on computer animation for many of its special effects. Toy Story, produced by Walt Disney Productions and Pixar Animation Studios, became the first full length feature film animated entirely on computers when it was released in 1995. With the advent of personal computers, it has now become possible for the average person to create animations.
These techniques simulate continuous motion by rapidly displaying images. The viewer is given the impression that he is watching a continuous motion. To achieve this impression the graphical hardware needs image display rates of at least 25 images per second, since otherwise motion will look shaky. As most graphical hardware can not reach that display rate for moderate sized images (i.e. 256×256 pixels), one uses video hardware. One either sends every image to a framebuffer to write one videoframe at a time to videotape or one stores the images on a fast accessible device, CMY a laserdisk, and, after all images have been stored, displays them on a television screen from where they can be put on a videotape. There are two kinds of animation which we will describe below. Flipbook animation
This is a well known technique. The generated images are displayed one after the other. Its name is attached to the thumbing or flipping through a series of images.
For this technique one only has to generate so-called keyframes. Keyframes mark changes in the characteristics of the motion, for example the sudden change in the direction of motion of an electron due to a collision with an ion. Interpolation techniques are used to generate a set of images between two keyframes. The larger the interpolated set of images the smoother the conversion from one keyframe to the other will appear to the viewer.
What is Flip Books
A flip book or flick book is a book with a series of pictures that vary gradually from one page to the next, so that when the pages are turned rapidly, the pictures appear to animate by simulating motion or some other change. Flip books are often illustrated books for children, but may also be geared towards adults and employ a series of photographs rather than drawings. Flip books are not always separate books, but may appear as an added feature in ordinary books or magazines, often in the page corners. Software packages and websites are also available that convert digital video files into custom-made flip books.
What is the Walt Disney film 1st animation?
Walt Disney Animation Studios, headquartered in Burbank, California, is an Americananimation studio which creates animated feature films and animated short films for The Walt Disney Company. Founded on October 16, 1923 as Disney Brothers Cartoon Studio, the studio has produced 52 feature films, beginning with Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs (1937), and most recently with Wreck-It Ralph (2012). Walt Disney Animation Studios is noted for creating a number of now-standard innovations in the animation industry, like the multiplane camera. Among its significant achievements are Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs (1937), the first full-length animated feature; Beauty and the Beast (1991), the first animated feature to be nominated for the Academy Award for Best Picture, and the only nominee for Best Picture to be traditionally-animated; The Lion King (1994), the highest grossing traditionally-animated film of all time; Tangled (2010), the most expensive animated film ever made costing $260 million; and Wreck-It Ralph (2012), the most recent animated film with the highest number of original characters ever created.